BlueHummingbird News - Archive

Archived News Articles: NMD and Foreign Policy

7/25/2001  from AP:
                        US Rejects Anti-Germ Warfare Accord
                        By ALEXANDER G. HIGGINS, Associated Press Writer
                        Wednesday July 25 11:26 AM ET
                        GENEVA (AP) - The United States - already facing
                        European criticism for rejecting a climate change accord
                        and insisting on a watered down agreement on small arms
                        - said Wednesday it was abandoning a U.N. draft accord
                        designed to give teeth to an anti-germ warfare treaty.
                        Nations have been negotiating since 1995 to develop an
                        accord on how to enforce the germ warfare treaty,
                        painstakingly working through disagreements over the
                        210-page document. The draft is intended to create a way
                        to inspect sites suspected of developing biological
                        weapons without interfering with legitimate industries
                        and facilities.
                        ``In our assessment, the draft protocol would put
                        national security and confidential business information
                        at risk,'' said U.S. chief negotiator Donald A. Mahley,
                        effectively killing nearly seven years of negotiations.
                        The U.S. announcement as the sole country rejecting it
                        went farther than many experts had expected and appeared
                        to discourage other key countries, including those
                        friendly to the United States. ...


7/25/2001  from The Washington Post:
                        U.S. Will Not Seek To Alter ABM Treaty
                        Joint Withdrawal With Russia Is Goal

                        By Alan Sipress, Washington Post Staff Writer
                        Wednesday, July 25, 2001; Page A13
                        The United States does not intend to amend the
                        Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty to allow for the
                        development of a missile defense system but will instead
                        seek Russia's agreement for both countries to withdraw
                        from the accord, administration officials said yesterday.
                        If Moscow does not agree to mutual withdrawal, the
                        officials said, the United States would seek to replace
                        the 1972 ABM Treaty with a political declaration about
                        the permissibility of missile defenses. But Bush
                        officials repeated yesterday that this substitute would
                        not be a new, full-blown arms control treaty.
                        Should Russia balk at both mutual withdrawal and a joint
                        statement, the Bush administration would be forced to
                        announce its unilateral pullout from the treaty. Such a
                        move is allowed on six months' notice. ...

7/27/2001  from AP:
                        Russia Opposes Scuttling ABM Treaty
                        By JUDITH INGRAM, Associated Press Writer
                        Friday July 27 2:21 PM ET
                        MOSCOW (AP) - Russian officials heard nothing new from
                        National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice that would
                        cause them to temper their opposition to jettisoning the
                        Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, the Russian Foreign
                        Ministry said Friday.
                        But a Russian official put a new spin on upcoming
                        U.S.-Russian talks on strategic stability, suggesting
                        North Korea and Iran could join the discussions that are
                        to start in August. The United States has cited both as
                        potential hostile nuclear powers that necessitate
                        development of the missile shield.
                        ``We are for bringing the maximum number of countries
                        possessing nuclear arms or technologies into the process
                        of discussion of strategic stability issues in the
                        framework of the ABM treaty,'' the deputy security
                        council secretary, Oleg Chernov, was quoted as saying by
                        the Interfax news agency.
                        He said the ABM treaty did not concern just the United
                        States and Russia, but also the world's other nuclear
                        powers ``and the world community as a whole,'' Interfax
                        reported, adding that Chernov suggested that Pyongyang
                        and Tehran be included in the talks.
                        After meeting with President Vladimir Putin and other
                        top officials Thursday, Rice told reporters that Moscow
                        and Washington had made progress - now discussing ``how
                        you move forward, not if you move forward'' toward
                        construction of the U.S. missile defense shield.
                        But Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Yakovenko said
                        Moscow had no intention of budging from its vehement
                        opposition to such a shield, which would violate the ABM
                        treaty that Russia holds sacred as the foundation of
                        strategic stability. ...

7/27/2001  from AP, Reuters:
                        Colin Powell Arrives in Beijing
                        By GEORGE GEDDA, Associated Press Writer
                        Updated: Fri, Jul 27 10:12 PM EDT
                        BEIJING (AP)- Secretary of State Colin Powell said he is
                        intent on confronting China about military and weapons
                        exports in violation of agreements. He planned to meet
                        with President Jiang Zemin and other Chinese leaders. ...

                        Powell Begins Fence-Mending Visit to China

7/28/2001  from msnbc and AP:
                        Powell claims progress with China
                        Weapons sales, human rights, top secretary's agenda
                        MSNBC NEWS SERVICES
                        BEIJING, July 28 -   After a round of meetings with
                        China's highest officials, U.S. Secretary of State Colin
                        Powell said the two nations had made some progress on
                        the issue of arms sales and a proposed Pentagon missile
                        shield. But differences remained on nuclear technology.
                        POWELL SAID SATURDAY he was able to narrow differences
                        with China on military exports. He also gave assurances
                        that the U.S. missile defense initiative will not pose a
                        threat to China. ...
                        On his first visit here since he became secretary of
                        state, Powell met with Chinese President Jiang Zemin,
                        Premier Zhu Rongji, Vice Prime Minister Qian Qichen and
                        Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan.  Powell, the most senior
                        Bush administration official to visit China, began his
                        one-day visit by meeting with Tang to discuss China's
                        record of compliance with a November 2000 agreement in
                        which it promised not to sell missiles or components to
                        countries such as North Korea and Iran, who are trying
                        to develop nuclear weapons. ...
                        China's official Xinhua News Agency reported that Tang
                        said while the two nations have various differences,
                        they also have extensive and common interests. Tang
                        added that China intends to work toward building a
                        cooperative relationship with the United States.  Powell
                        said he offered assurances to China that the missile
                        defense system planned by the Bush administration would
                        be limited. He added that it would not threaten the
                        strategic deterrent of either China or Russia....
                        Powell's meetings in Beijing are designed to prepare for
                        a visit to China in October by President Bush. The Bush
                        administration has made human rights a priority.  "Our
                        relations with China represent some serious
                        opportunities, particularly on the trade front. (They)
                        also represent particular challenges involving human
                        rights," White House spokesman Ari Fleischer said. ...
                        During his stop Friday in Seoul, Powell's talks with
                        senior South Korean officials were dominated by concerns
                        over North Korea. He sought to reach out to North Korea,
                        saying that Washington is ready for talks with the
                        reclusive Stalinist regime any time, anywhere, with no
                        preconditions. ...

                        Powell Says China Differences Narrowed
                        By GEORGE GEDDA, Associated Press Writer
                        Saturday July 28 1:21 PM ET
                        BEIJING (AP) - Secretary of State Colin Powell narrowed
                        differences with China over Beijing's military exports,
                        while giving assurances Saturday that the planned U.S.
                        missile defense system does not pose a threat to China.
                        Although outstanding issues remain, Powell told a news
                        conference after meetings with Chinese leaders that he
                        ``was able to move the ball forward'' on U.S. concerns
                        about Chinese missile and weapons technology exports.
                        A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, Sun Yuxi, said in
                        a subsequent news conference that China has been making
                        an earnest effort to comply with its obligations,
                        outlined in a U.S.-China nonproliferation agreement
                        signed in November. Sun contended that the United States
                        has failed to comply with its commitments - an apparent
                        reference to the absence of cooperation on commercial
                        satellite launches. In the agreement, Beijing promised
                        not to sell missiles or components to countries
                        developing nuclear weapons. ...

7/28/2001  from Reuters:
                        Pentagon Considers 'Space Bomber' - La Times
                        Saturday July 28 8:59 AM ET
                        LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - The Pentagon is looking into the
                        development of a futuristic bomber that would take off
                        like a long-range missile and drop precision bombs from
                        heights of 60 miles or more, the Los Angeles Times
                        reported in its Saturday edition.
                        The Times, citing a government planning document, said
                        Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld ordered the Pentagon
                        last month to consider the sub-orbital space craft for
                        rapid global strikes.
                        It said the bomber, possibly manned, was expected to
                        travel 15 times the speed and 10 times the altitude of
                        existing bombers and hit targets on the other side of
                        the world in a half-hour. ...

7/31/2001  from The Washington Post:
                        Double Talk On Missile Defense
                        By Michael O'Hanlon
                        Tuesday, July 31, 2001; Page A23
                        During his recent meetings in Beijing, Secretary of
                        State Colin Powell repeated his frequent refrain that
                        the Bush administration desires only a "limited"
                        capability to shoot down long-range missiles. His words
                        were intended to reassure rulers in Beijing who fear
                        that an American missile shield allegedly designed
                        against North Korea, Iran or Iraq might really be
                        intended to neutralize their small nuclear deterrent.
                        Powell's words failed to calm the Chinese. That should
                        come as no surprise to anyone who has been listening to
                        other Bush administration officials of late. Powell may
                        himself prefer that any future U.S. and allied missile
                        defense be limited, in order to preserve good relations
                        and security cooperation among the great powers while
                        dealing with the rogue-state threat. But all available
                        evidence suggests that he is losing the debate within
                        the administration on the subject. ...
                        The specifics of the Pentagon's plans remain vague at
                        this point. But by a conservative estimate, they suggest
                        that the United States would ultimately deploy at least
                        1,000 defensive interceptors capable of shooting down
                        long-range missile warheads. ...
                        Condoleezza Rice ... has made it clear that the
                        administration not only wants to eliminate the ABM
                        Treaty but that it wishes to do away with strategic arms
                        control in general. The "new framework" that Bush
                        promised Moscow in his May 1 speech at National Defense
                        University would consist of nothing more than
                        information exchanges between Russia and the United
                        Coupled with the Pentagon's budget plans, the meaning of
                        this policy is becoming clear. The Bush administration
                        wants to pursue any and all missile defense technologies
                        without restraint and without limitation. In other
                        words, the administration means just the opposite of
                        what Colin Powell has said in Beijing. ...

7/31/2001  from Reuters:               
                        House Panel OKs Missile Defense Funds
                        Tuesday July 31 2:27 PM ET
                        WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A House of Representatives
                        subcommittee on Tuesday authorized more than $8 billion
                        in spending for missile defense programs and granted the
                        general in charge of development more flexibility in
                        spending the funds. ...
                        The money was part of a $37.7 billion authorization for
                        research and development programs. ...
                        The bill approved by the subcommittee includes $786
                        million for work on a new missile test bed in Alaska
                        that could lead to deployment of missile interceptors
                        there. ...
                        The Democratic-led Senate has not started to consider
                        its authorization bill. Democrats in the Senate are also
                        expected to try to cut the missile defense funds
                        requested by Bush.

7/31/2001  from The Moscow Times:
                        Isolating Uncle Sam
                        By Pavel Felgenhauer
                        Thursday, Jul. 19, 2001. Page 8
                        President Vladimir Putin and his Chinese counterpart
                        Jiang Zemin signed the first post-Soviet friendship
                        treaty between the two nations this week. "The treaty
                        will bring friendship from generation to generation,"
                        Jiang said after the signing ceremony. "This is a
                        milestone in the development of Chinese-Russian
                        In a joint statement, Putin and Jiang said they were
                        hoping for a "just and rational new international order"
                        to reflect their concept of a "multipolar" world led by
                        the United Nations, rather than Washington. ...
                        A Chinese-U.S. confrontation over Taiwan is perceived in
                        Moscow as a distinct possibility in the coming decade.
                        The repeated emphasis that the new pact with Beijing is
                        not a military alliance is a clear indication of
                        Moscow's desire to keep out of the fray. But Russia's
                        neutral stance will most probably be tilted strongly in
                        favor of China.
                        In the last several months, Washington has been
                        regularly probing Russian officials on the possibility
                        of forming a closer alliance based in part on a
                        coordinated effort to contain China - a possible threat
                        to both nations in the future. But these advances have
                        been rejected. ...
                        Russia is today supplying China with modern weapons and
                        will most probably continue to supply arms if a conflict
                        erupts over Taiwan. In 2000, according to industry
                        sources, Chinese military procurement in Russia doubled
                        to nearly $2 billion (more than 60 percent of all
                        Russian arms exports). China is today negotiating the
                        purchase of Russia's newest anti-ship missile, the
                        Granit, which is deployed on Oscar II (Kursk-type)
                        nuclear attack submarines. ...
                        The Granit cruise missiles are designed to carry nuclear
                        warheads to knock out U.S. aircraft carriers. China
                        could equip Russian Granits with its own nukes and alter
                        the strategic balance in the Eastern Pacific.
                        Russian military sources say that Granit cruise missiles
                        have a very sophisticated computerized guidance system
                        that uses an on-board radar and also can take in data
                        from Russian spy and navigation satellites. Today it's
                        reported there's a package deal being negotiated with
                        Beijing that will involve Chinese investment to help
                        prop up Russia's ailing military satellite constellation
                        in exchange for data.
                        Russia and China are forming a relationship that is an
                        alliance in everything but name. We will not fight for
                        China, but we hope that our weapons and military
                        technologies will help diminish U.S. influence in Asia
                        and in the Pacific and promote a "multipolar world,"
                        while the proceeds of arms trade will be used to keep
                        our defense industry ticking. ...

7/31/2001  from The New York Times:
                        White House Says the U.S. Is Not a Loner, Just Choosy
                        By THOM SHANKER
                        July 31, 2001
                        WASHINGTON, July 30 - In his first six months in office,
                        President Bush has abandoned a treaty on fighting global
                        warming, rejected protocols enforcing a ban on germ
                        warfare, demanded amendments to an accord on illegal
                        sales of small arms, threatened to skip an international
                        conference on racism and vowed to withdraw from a
                        landmark pact limiting ballistic missile defenses.
                        The reaction from Berlin to Beijing has been one of
                        concern that an American president who walks away from
                        so many treaties might be one who wants to walk away
                        from the world - or, at the least, one who will demand
                        that the world live by terms dictated by America alone.
                        ... by knocking off several of the hard-earned,
                        high-profile treaties on arms control and the
                        environment, Mr. Bush has been subjected to outrage from
                        some of America's closest friends - who wonder what will
                        replace a world ordered by treaties - as well as its
                        adversaries who see arrogance in Mr. Bush's actions.
                        The British, for example, consider themselves America's
                        greatest friends in Europe and often find themselves
                        defending United States behavior to dubious
                        Continentals. But their task has been complicated by
                        what many perceive as American unilateralism and
                        finger-in-the-eye confrontation in place of diplomacy.
                        ... writing in the German weekly Die Zeit, Theo Sommer
                        compared Mr. Bush's style to that of Andrei A. Gromyko,
                        the grizzled Soviet foreign minister known to a
                        generation of diplomats as "Grim Grom" and "Mr. Nyet."
                        "The president says `no,' not grimly, but with a smile.
                        Yet he shows his teeth in doing so," Mr. Sommer wrote.
                        "He does not concede, he does not give up, he does not
                        surrender. He offers everyone consultations, partners
                        and rivals alike; he promises to keep in touch; that is
                        why, he assures everyone, you cannot talk about an
                        American go-it-alone attitude. Yet the conversations are
                        aimed at conversion, not compromise."
                        In China, the president's actions have served to cement
                        in the public mind their government's characterization
                        of the United States as hegemonic. ... "After Bush came
                        into power, the most noteworthy aspect of his
                        administration's foreign policy is unilateralism," Yan
                        Xuetong, director of the Institute of International
                        Studies at Qinghua University, wrote last week in the
                        People's Daily. "It neither negotiates with the
                        principal countries whose interests are involved nor
                        exchanges views with its allies on international
                        affairs." ...

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