BlueHummingbird News - Archive

Archived News Articles: NMD and Foreign Policy

7/22/2001  from The New York Times:
                        Cast of Star Wars Makes Comeback in Bush Plan
                        By JAMES GLANZ
                        July 22, 2001

                        HUNTSVILLE, Ala., July 18 - Twenty years after President
                        Ronald Reagan created an international furor by
                        proposing to place weapons in space, the Pentagon has
                        put nearly every major element of the original program
                        back in the center of its plans as part of a national
                        missile shield. ...
                        Along with intensified work on the ground-based system,
                        the Pentagon's new plan calls for the accelerated
                        development of chemical lasers that would fly in space
                        or high in the atmosphere, fresh research on an
                        abandoned program to launch thousands of interceptors
                        into space and the expansion of a project to place
                        dozens of sensor-laden satellites into orbit. ...
                        "We've now gone back to the S.D.I. era of the first
                        Reagan administration," said Stephen I. Schwartz,
                        publisher of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
                        "It's clearly their intention to put weapons in space to
                        both defend U.S. assets as well as attack enemy missiles
                        and enemy satellites." ...
                        ... it now appears likely that the taboo on space-based
                        defenses is over, said Michael Krepon of the Henry L.
                        Stimson Center.
                        "Every U.S. administration, with one exception, has
                        sought to avoid an arms race in space - the exception,
                        of course, was Reagan," he said. "Every other
                        administration hedged against a competition in space but
                        didn't lead. It now looks like the Bush administration
                        will break that mold."

                        A World Seeking Security Is Told There's Just One Shield
                        By MICHAEL WINES

7/22/2001  from Reuters and US Newswire:               
                        Putin, Bush Agree Missile Shield, Arms Cuts Link
                        By Jon Boyle
                        Sunday July 22 1:00 PM ET
                        GENOA, Italy (Reuters) - U.S.-Russia arms talks took an
                        unexpected bound forward on Sunday, when Vladimir Putin
                        and George W. Bush agreed to link missile defense
                        systems to cuts in nuclear arsenals in a bid to strike a
                        new strategic pact. ...
                        Transcript of a July 22 Press Conference By President
                        Bush And President Putin

7/22/2001  from the Chicago Tribune:,2669,SAV-0107200051,FF.html
                        Congress mulls shield with eye on ABM Treaty
                        By John Diamond, Washington Bureau
                        July 20, 2001
                        WASHINGTON -- Democrats and Republicans in Washington
                        are drawing battle lines for what promises to be a major
                        debate over missile defense and its impact on relations
                        with Russia.  At stake is a 30-year-old arms-control
                        treaty, the possibility of a new arms race and billions
                        in taxpayer dollars already pouring into an aggressive
                        missile defense testing program.  Thursday on Capitol
                        Hill, Democrats and Republicans agreed on one thing:
                        Bush should consult with Congress before he takes any
                        steps that would violate the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile
                        Treaty, a pact that prohibits national missile defenses. ...

7/22/2001  from The Times (UK):
                        Blair support for missile defence earns US praise
                        FRIDAY JULY 20 2001
                        PRESIDENT BUSH praised Tony Blair's readiness to think
                        afresh on security last night after the Prime Minister
                        gave his most sympathetic response so far to America's
                        missile defence plans. ...
                        After talks at Chequers, the Prime Minister said that Mr
                        Bush was wholly right to raise the issue of the
                        proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and to look
                        for "new and imaginative solutions". Although the US
                        still had to make specific proposals, it was right to
                        look for answers to a huge threat facing the world, Mr
                        Blair said. ...
                        Mr Bush said that it was time to think about new
                        enemies, rogue states that would threaten the world with
                        different kinds of terrorism, including cyber terrorism. ...

7/22/2001  from AFP:
                    North Korea assails US missile defense test and warns of arms race
                        SEOUL, July 21 (AFP) -
                        North Korea has accused the United States of fabricating
                        threats from the communist state to justify its
                        anti-missile defence system and warned Washington it had
                        sparked a global arms race. In an angry reaction to the
                        US's July 14 missile defence test over the Pacific
                        Ocean, Pyongyang warned it could take retaliatory
                        self-defense measures, but did not specify what actions
                        it might take. "The test... proves that the
                        controversial missile defence system has, in fact,
                        entered the phase of full-dress establishment," a
                        spokesman for the North Korean foreign ministry said. "A
                        new global arms race has, therefore, become
                        unavoidable," the unidentified foreign ministry
                        spokesman was quoted as saying Friday by Pyongyang's
                        official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA).
                        Pyongyang usually speaks through an unidentified foreign
                        ministry spokesman answering to questions posed by KCNA
                        to state its positions in key issues. For more important
                        issues, the ministry itself puts out statements. The
                        spokesman said the US was citing the "non-existent
                        missile threat from the DPRK (North Korea) in order to
                        cover up its true colours." "The DPRK is compelled to
                        take a counter-action for self-defence by the US
                        deliberate provocation made to it in a bid to attain its
                        sinister aim." ...
                        North Korea's increasing anger follows a stiffening of
                        North Korean-US ties since George W. Bush became
                        president. ...

7/22/2001  from AP:
                        Jiang Enlists Ukraine's Support
                        By SERGEI SHARGORODSKY, Associated Press Writer
                        Saturday July 21 3:32 PM ET
                        KIEV, Ukraine (AP) - Chinese President Jiang Zemin
                        enlisted Ukraine's support on Saturday for his country's
                        opposition to U.S. missile defense plans, issuing a
                        joint statement recommending the preservation of the
                        Soviet-era ABM treaty with Washington. ...
                        Jiang met Friday and Saturday with Ukrainian President
                        Leonid Kuchma. They talked about a wide range of issues,
                        including cooperation on space, aviation and military
                        technology, said Kuchma's spokesman Oleksandr
                        The countries signed a joint declaration on friendship
                        and cooperation, an agreement on extradition of
                        criminals and a tourism accord, among other documents.

7/22/2001  from The Korea Times:
                        US to Ditch Korea's Weapons Integration If It Buys
                        Non-US Aircraft in F-X Plan

                        By Kim Kwang-tae, Staff Reporter
                        The United States recently said that it would not help
                        integrate U.S. weapons and cryptographic systems should
                        Korea buy non-U.S. aircraft in its $3.3 billion
                        next-generation fighter program, code-named F-X. ...

7/22/2001  from PBS:
                        Globalization & Human Rights
                        Ralph Nader, Consumer Advocate
                        March 1998 in his Washington DC office

7/23/2001  from AP:
                        Bush Ends Funding For Gun Buyback
                        By SHANNON McCAFFREY, Associated Press Writer
                        Updated: Mon, Jul 23 5:50 PM EDT
                        WASHINGTON (AP) - The Bush administration on Monday said
                        it was ending funding for a gun buyback program at the
                        Department of Housing and Urban Development. ...

7/23/2001  from AP:
                        Italian Leader Backs Bush on Shield
                        By NICOLE WINFIELD, Associated Press Writer
                        Monday July 23 8:31 PM ET
                        ROME (AP) - Italy's premier gave strong backing to
                        President Bush's plan for a missile defense shield
                        Monday and chided other European governments for not
                        realizing it is necessary.
                        At a joint press conference, Silvio Berlusconi urged
                        Russia to come on board with the U.S. plans, saying he
                        agreed strongly that the new military threats facing the
                        United States, Europe and even Russia required new
                        responses. ...

25 July 2001  at the World Socialist Web Site:
                        Bush administration renews US drive to militarize space
                        By Joseph Kay

8/1/2001  from AP:
                        Military Chief Urges Space Weaponry
                        By ROBERT BURNS, AP Military Writer
                        Wednesday August 1 3:03 PM ET
                        WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States' expanding
                        commercial stake in space makes it likely the military
                        will be called on to put both offensive and defensive
                        weapons in orbit, the Air Force's top general said
                        Gen. Michael Ryan, the Air Force chief of staff, told
                        reporters that as the United States becomes more
                        dependent on space for communications, surveillance and
                        navigation, the nation's need for space weaponry will
                        ``Eventually we're going to have to have the capability
                        to take things out in orbit,'' he said. He said he
                        favored developing anti-satellite weapons, which the
                        Pentagon has worked on for years but never deployed. ...
                        He touted the space-based laser, which is in development
                        as part of a U.S. defense against ballistic missiles.
                        Ryan said military and commercial satellites give the
                        United States a large advantage over most nations.
                        ``We have to in some way be able to protect those
                        assets, at least defensively,'' he said. ``And that
                        leads you to the thought that if you're going to be up
                        there trying to protect them defensively, where do you
                        cross the line into offensive operations?
                        ``Historically, wherever commerce has gone and our
                        national interests have gone, so have gone our forces -
                        on land, sea, in the air, we tended to exploit the realm
                        we were dependent upon. I would suggest that sometime in
                        the future here we're going to have to come to a policy
                        decision on whether we're going to use space for both
                        defensive and offensive capabilities.'' ...

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