BlueHummingbird News - Archive

Archived News Articles: NMD and Foreign Policy

8/7/2001  from The New York Times:
                        The Next Battlefield May Be in Outer Space
                        By JACK HITT
                        August 5, 2001

                        " ... Commercial space launches started to outnumber
                        military ones in 1998. Of the 1,000 active satellites
                        currently in orbit, about an eighth belong to the U.S.
                        military, and that percentage will diminish by the end
                        of the decade, when experts estimate that operating
                        satellites in space will reach 2,000. ...

                        America's war planners fear that we could soon lose our
                        advantage in space. As a result, the military has
                        commissioned numerous studies and long-range plans, all
                        of them coming to the same conclusion. Space, the
                        Pentagon believes, is the ultimate military "high
                        ground" -- the tower from which to pour boiling oil.
                        Therefore, America's goal there should be, in the
                        felicitous phrase used in an early study, "Global
                        Battlespace Dominance." ...

                        Last year, the Air Force developed its Strategic Master
                        Plan for space, which states our goal bluntly: "To
                        maintain space superiority, we must have the ability to
                        control the 'high ground' of space. To do so, we must be
                        able to operate freely in space, deny the use of space
                        to our adversaries, protect ourselves from attack in and
                        through space and develop and deploy a N.M.D.
                        capability." ...
                        According to the Strategic Master Plan, N.M.D. is but
                        one part of a triad of technologies -- along with
                        improved space surveillance and antisatellite offensive
                        weaponry -- that, the Air Force hopes, will lead to
                        total "space control." George Friedman, an intelligence
                        consultant and the author of "The Future of War," calls
                        the national missile defense plan a "Trojan horse" for
                        the real issue: the coming weaponization of space. ...

                        In preparation, space planners have already engaged in
                        some feverish brainstorming. They envision a high-tech
                        arsenal that will take full advantage of the military
                        potential of space, ranging from the near-term possible
                        to long-term notional: kinetic energy rods, microwave
                        guns, space-based lasers, pyrotechnic electromagnetic
                        pulses, holographic decoys, robo-bugs, suppression
                        clouds, 360-degree helmet-mounted displays, cluster
                        satellites, oxygen suckers, microsatellites, destructo
                        swarmbots, to name a few. ... "

8/7/2001  at The Washington Post: On treaties:
                        It Takes Two to Tear It Up
                        Congress and the President Share the Responsibility
                        By Walter C. Clemens Jr.
                        Sunday, August 5, 2001; Page B04

8/7/2001  from Reuters:               
                        Visiting Senators Blast China for Arms Sales
                        By Edwin Chan
                        Tuesday August 7 10:46 AM ET
                        SHANGHAI (Reuters) - A visiting U.S. Congressional
                        delegation blasted China on Tuesday for persisting in
                        missile sales to countries like Pakistan, saying arms
                        proliferation remained a key sticking point in Sino-U.S.
                        relations. ...
                        Senate Foreign Relations Committee head Joseph Biden
                        said arms proliferation will be one of the main items on
                        the agenda when the delegation meets Chinese President
                        Jiang Zemin, Premier Zhu Rongji and defense minister Chi
                        Hao-tian at their seaside retreat in Beidaihe on
                        Biden is leading the delegation touring Taiwan, China
                        and South Korea that also includes Tennessee Senator
                        Fred Thompson and Maryland Senator Paul Sarbanes. ...
                        Thompson said China's arms sales were a key reason why
                        the Bush administration is considering a National
                        Missile Defense System that is envisioned as being able
                        to shoot down ballistic missiles -- a proposal
                        vehemently opposed by Beijing. ...
                        ``Our CIA reports continue to say that China is one of
                        the world's worst proliferators. They've gotten to the
                        point where they make very few bones ab(o)ut it,''
                        Thompson said, adding China ranked with Syria, Libya and
                        North Korea. ...

8/8/2001  from AP:
                        China Defends Itself on Missiles
                        By JOE McDONALD, Associated Press Writer
                        Updated: Wed, Aug 08 12:42 PM EDT
                        BEIJING (AP) - President Jiang Zemin told visiting U.S.
                        senators Wednesday that China has "kept to the letter"
                        of promises not to export missile technology to Pakistan
                        and other countries, one of the lawmakers said.
                        Jiang said China doesn't want to see North Korea develop
                        a long-range missile capability, said Sen. Joseph Biden,
                        D-Del., chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations
                        Committee. ...
                        Accompanying Biden were fellow senators Paul Sarbanes,
                        D-Md.; Fred Thompson, R-Tenn.; and Arlen Specter, R-Pa.
                        A Chinese company identified by a U.S. newspaper as the
                        seller of missile components to Pakistan denied the
                        allegation Wednesday, the official Xinhua News Agency
                        China National Machinery and Equipment Import and Export
                        Corp. insisted it was involved in legitimate engineering
                        projects, Xinhua said. It said the company described the
                        reports by the Washington Times as "groundless and a
                        sheer fabrication." ...

8/9/2001  from AP:
                        Daschle Speech Criticizes Bush Plan
                        By DAVID ESPO, AP Special Correspondent
                        Thursday August 9 2:01 PM ET
                        WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush has shown a willingness
                        to walk away from international agreements backed by
                        America's allies during his first six months in office,
                        Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle said Thursday in his
                        first foreign policy speech since becoming majority leader. ...

8/9/2001  from AP:               
                        Nagasaki Residents Mark Bombing
                        By ERIC PRIDEAUX, Associated Press Writer
                        Thursday August 9 1:51 AM ET
                        TOKYO (AP) - Nagasaki residents paused Thursday to
                        remember the dropping of an atom bomb that killed as
                        many as 70,000 people in the world's second nuclear
                        assault. ...
                        ``The citizens of Nagasaki have continuously struggled
                        to realize a 21st century free from nuclear weapons,''
                        Nagasaki Mayor Itcho Ito, an outspoken opponent of
                        weapons of mass destruction, said in a speech.
                        ``Nevertheless, no fewer than 30,000 nuclear warheads
                        still exist on our planet, and the nuclear threat is
                        today on the verge of expanding into space.'' ...
                        A bomb dropped on Hiroshima three days before the
                        Nagasaki attack killed about 140,000 people. An
                        estimated 30,000 to 50,000 people gathered Monday in
                        Hiroshima to commemorate the Aug. 6, 1945, atomic
                        bombing there. ...

8/10/2001  from AP:
                        Russian Doubts U.S. Missile Defense
                        By PAULINE JELINEK, Associated Press Writer
                        Thursday August 9 6:40 PM ET
                        WASHINGTON (AP) - After two days of U.S.-Russia talks at
                        the Pentagon, the head of Moscow's delegation said he
                        doubts that America can build even in the distant future
                        a missile defense system that will work.
                        Col. Gen. Yuri Baluyevsky spoke to reporters Thursday
                        about his deliberations, which ended the day before, on
                        Bush administration proposals to lift treaty
                        restrictions on missile defenses and reduce U.S. and
                        Russian nuclear forces.
                        ``In the very distant future, we will not be able to
                        solve the problems'' of building a system that will work
                        all the time, Baluyevsky said in a news conference at
                        the Russian Embassy.
                        ``I am convinced that the future generations will arrive
                        at a different conclusion, a more simple conclusion'' on
                        how to defend themselves rather ``than building such a
                        system,'' he said through an interpreter. ...

8/12/2001  from The Philadelphia Inquirer and The Mercury News:               
                        Source: Bush to quit ABM Treaty
                        Leaving the pact would let the U.S. proceed with missile
                        tests next year.
                        By Warren P. Strobel
                        INQUIRER WASHINGTON BUREAU

                        U.S. to renounce ABM pact this year, official says
                        BY WARREN P. STROBEL
                        Mercury News Washington Bureau
                        WASHINGTON -- The Bush administration intends to
                        announce before the end of the year that it will
                        withdraw from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty to
                        pave the way for advanced missile-defense tests in early
                        2002, a senior administration official has told the
                        Mercury News. ...

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