Archived News Articles: NMD and Foreign Policy
10/26/2001 from USA Today and The New York Times:
Missile-defense tests altered to stay within treaty
Ship-based radars won't be used as U.S., Russia pursue 'breakthrough'
By Andrea Stone, USA TODAY
WASHINGTON -- The Bush administration, in a major policy
shift, said Thursday that it will delay parts of two
missile-defense tests that would violate the 1972
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and provoke sharp protests
from Russia. ...
Rumsfeld said the two tests were to have used
sophisticated ship-based Aegis radars for the first time
to track long-range ballistic missiles. Now the tests
will be conducted without the Aegis system. That's
because Pentagon lawyers have concluded that tests using
Aegis radars, which Navy cruisers and destroyers now use
to track aircraft and short-range missiles, would
violate the ABM Treaty. ...
U.S., Awaiting Putin, Delays Missile Tests
By THOM SHANKER and DAVID E. SANGER
10/27/2001 Published Saturday, Oct. 27, 2001, in the
San Jose Mercury News
U.S. affirms commitment to missile plan
BY JIM PUZZANGHERA
Mercury News Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON -- The announcement of a decision to delay
missile-defense tests this week has led to speculation
that the Bush administration is backing off from its
plan to quickly build a national missile shield. But
senior administration officials insist that they still
intend to scrap the treaty with Russia that prohibits
such a shield. ...
10/27/2001 from MSNBC:
Armed Pakistanis head for "jihad"
At least 5,000 bound for Afghan border on Saturday
MSNBC NEWS SERVICES
TEMERGARAH, Pakistan, Oct. 27 - In buses and trucks,
pickups and vans, more than 5,000 people rolled out of a
northeastern Pakistan village Saturday morning, bound
for the Afghan border and vowing to fight a "holy war"
against the United States. Meanwhile, a call from
hard-line Pakistani Islamic groups for a "million man
march" in Karachi to protest U.S. raids on Afghanistan
failed to materialize on Friday as about 15,000
supporters showed up.
THE PAKISTANI MEN who headed for Afghanistan
Saturday had massed in Temergarah on Friday night with
assault rifles, machine guns, even rocket launchers. A
few even carried axes and swords. Their mission, they
said: to enter Afghanistan's Kunar province and help the
country's ruling Taliban defend against any ground
incursions by American troops. ...
Organizers said similar-sized groups were massing
in other towns across North West Frontier province, an
enclave of ethnic Pashtuns with deep ties to neighboring
10/28/2001 from The New York Times:
Bush Adviser Says Russia Is Warming to U.S. ABM Tests
By DAVID E. SANGER and THOM SHANKER
October 28, 2001
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27 - President Bush's national security
adviser, Condoleezza Rice, says Russia's leaders are
becoming persuaded that the administration's plans to
test a missile defense system are "not actually a
threat" to Moscow. ...
10/30/2001 from AP:
Russia Hints at Missile Talks
Monday October 29 6:06 PM ET
MOSCOW (AP) - Russia hinted again on Monday it might be
ready to discuss changes in the key Anti-Ballistic
Missile Treaty which bans the Bush administration's
plans to build a defense shield against incoming
``The situation in the world is changing, and our
relations with the United States are changing. In the
framework of these changes we are ready to discuss new
parameters of strategic cooperation,'' Russian news
agencies quoted Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov as saying
late Monday night. ...
``While this discussion is happening, we believe that
the ABM treaty should continue fulfilling the important
mission that it has been fulfilling until now,'' the
ITAR-Tass and Interfax agencies quoted him as saying
after a meeting with Spanish Foreign Minister Josep
Ivanov's remarks came after U.S. defense officials said
Thursday they were delaying three missile tracking tests
that might have been interpreted as violating the
treaty, the first time Washington has allowed concerns
about the accord to slow its missile defense project. ...
11/4/2001 at the Salt Lake Tribune:
Russian Agrees ABM Pact Is 'Relic of the Cold War'
BY DAVE MONTGOMERY
KNIGHT RIDDER NEWS SERVICE
MOSCOW -- Russia displayed flexibility toward the
United States' position on missile defense Saturday as
Russian Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov acknowledged that
the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty is a "relic of
the Cold War." ...
Rumsfeld and the Russian officials said they were
not ready to announce a pre-summit agreement. But Ivanov
said for the first time that Russia finds some common
ground with the United States in viewing the treaty as
"We often hear that the treaty is hopelessly
outdated, a relic of the Cold War. Partially -- I stress
partially -- I agree," Ivanov said. "All the fundamental
Russian or Soviet-U.S. accords are relics, to some
Ivanov also said NATO is "in many ways, a relic."
"Russia and the United States now have mutual
understanding and the desire to look to the future
together," he said.
But he added the two countries must "create
something different" before scrapping the ABM treaty.
Russia has maintained the treaty is the cornerstone of
"Since we are no longer enemies but partners, we
should trust each other," Ivanov said. "There are good
prospects -- we can move forward faster in such issues
as the struggle against terrorism and the reduction of
weapons of mass destruction." ...
11/4/2001 from AP at the Lincoln Journal Star:
U.S., Russia hint at arms deal
BY JUDITH INGRAM The Associated Press
MOSCOW - Top U.S. and Russian defense officials
indicated progress Saturday in one area of their talks
on arms control - weapons reductions - but signaled no
breakthrough on U.S. plans to build a new missile
With 10 days to go before a key U.S.-Russian
presidential summit, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld
met in Moscow with his counterpart Sergei Ivanov and
also conferred with President Vladimir Putin.
Although a deal on the missile issue appears unlikely,
the two ministers stressed the points they have in
common and tried to gloss over lingering differences.
"Neither Russia nor the United States wants to put too
much emphasis on the contradictions between them, and
are trying to work where there is agreement," Ivanov
told reporters in the Kremlin. ...
"The United States wants to move beyond the ABM treaty
and establish a new framework for the 21st century,"
Rumsfeld said. "We had good discussions as to how we go
about doing that." ...
"Russia and the United States both understand that we
should look into the future together," Ivanov said.
While Russia recognizes the United States' right to drop
out of the agreement, he said, "we believe it is better
to do so when something new is already in place." ...
"Today's talks with Putin and Rumsfeld showed we have .
. . good prospects here to move forward quickly," Ivanov
Neither he nor Rumsfeld offered any specifics. However,
a senior White House official told The Associated Press
earlier that an agreement providing arms cuts of about
two-thirds of the arsenal was on the negotiating table,
with each country limiting itself to no more than 1,750
to 2,250 warheads.
Rumsfeld expressed U.S. gratitude for Russia's "fine
cooperation" in the anti-terrorism campaign following
the Sept. 11 attacks. Ivanov said that he and Rumsfeld
had discussed additional, "concrete forms of
11/4/2001 from The New York Times:
Russian Seems to Rule Out Chance of Arms Pact at Summit Talks
By MICHAEL WINES
MOSCOW, Nov. 2 - Russia's foreign minister appeared to
rule out today the prospect that President Bush and
President Vladimir V. Putin would sign a major
arms-control agreement when they meet this month at Mr.
Bush's ranch in Texas. ...
"There are still many questions which have to be
resolved, so at the present moment, it would be
premature to say that any accords have been reached,"
Mr. Ivanov said. "Things have not yet reached the point
of concluding agreements, wide-ranging, large-scale
agreements in this sphere." ...
Foreign Minister Ivanov, who was in Washington this
week, said on Wednesday that arms-control discussions
with Secretary of State Colin L. Powell had been "full
of content," and that Russia was satisfied with American
responses to its suggestions for cuts in nuclear
11/6/2001 from Reuters: http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/nm/20011106/wl/arms_russia_usa_dc_1.html
Putin Says Russia Flexible on ABM Treaty
Tuesday November 6 7:46 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - President Vladimir Putin said in
an interview released on Tuesday that cutting a deal
with the United States on the 1972 Anti-Ballistic
Missile treaty would require tough talks but Russia's
position was flexible.
His comments, due to be broadcast by ABC News on
Wednesday, were the latest sign the former Cold War foes
could be nearing a historic compromise over U.S. plans
for a missile defense and Russian support for the ABM
pact that stands in its way.
Putin was asked about the ABM treaty, which barred a
missile defense on grounds it could stimulate the arms
race, as he prepared for a summit with President Bush in
the United States Nov. 13-15.
``Well, it's somewhat difficult for me to talk about
this with certainty, but I should say the compromise can
only be found as a result of very intense
negotiations,'' Putin said when asked about the ABM
treaty during an interview on ABC's ''20/20'' program.
His remarks were translated into English by a Russian
interpreter and distributed by ABC.
``Anyway, our position in this is quite flexible. We
believe that the ABM Treaty of 1972 is important,
essential, effective and useful, but we have a
negotiating platform starting from which we could reach
agreements. At least I hope so.'' ...
11/6/2001 from Reuters: http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/nm/20011106/wl/attack_germany_military_dc_4.html
Germany Prepares 3,900 Troops for Afghan Campaign
By David Crossland
Tuesday November 6 2:19 PM ET
BERLIN (Reuters) - Germany signaled its ambition to play
a more prominent role in world affairs on Tuesday by
agreeing to mobilize up to 3,900 troops to support the
U.S-led Afghan campaign. The decision, called historic
by Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, could lead to the first
deployment of German troops in a fighting role outside
Europe since World War Two. ...
``The government plans to accede to the request from the
United States,'' Schroeder told a news conference,
adding he expected parliament to give its approval to
make German troops available for one year to the U.S-led
campaign. ``The government is confident this package
will effectively support the fight against terrorism and
meet our alliance commitments,'' Schroeder said. ...
Analysts say its conscript-based army, built to defend
German soil during the Cold War, is ill-equipped for
rapid deployment in foreign troublespots. But it has
several highly regarded military units and its
German-made Fuchs vehicles, manufactured by Rheinmetall
AG, are seen as the best in the world for detecting
nuclear, chemical and biological contamination. ...
Schroeder's announcement follows his pledge of
``unlimited solidarity'' with the United States. ...
Schroeder said the United States had made five requests.
It wanted Fuchs units, involving the deployment of up to
800 soldiers; 250 medical staff; 100 special forces
troops who could take part in ``hit and run'' actions;
transport aircraft with 500 personnel; and ships with
1,800 sailors to protect shipping. ...
11/6/2001 © 2001 The Washington Post Company
A Veto Over Presidential Papers
Order Lets Sitting or Former President Block Release
By Mike Allen and George Lardner Jr.
Washington Post Staff Writers
Friday, November 2, 2001; Page A01
President Bush signed an executive order last night
allowing either the White House or former presidents to
veto the release of their presidential papers, drawing
criticism from former president Bill Clinton and several
The order reinterprets the Presidential Records Act of
1978, which put the papers of future presidents in the
public domain after a court fight over Richard M.
Nixon's papers. The act envisioned the release of most
sensitive records 12 years after a president had left
Administration officials said Bush's order was prompted
in part by a request for 68,000 pages of records of
Ronald Reagan, the first former president whose records
are subject to the act. ...
White House counsel Alberto R. Gonzales said any
decision to withhold documents could be challenged in
court, adding that the administration would lose if a
decision did not have solid constitutional grounding. He
acknowledged that the process could take years. ...
Historians said vast troves of documents offering
insight into presidential decision-making could be lost.
The act applies to the papers of Clinton, Reagan and
Bush's father, George H.W. Bush.
Many officials of the Reagan and first Bush
administrations are back in the White House, and critics
contend that the executive order may be motivated by a
desire to protect them. A House Government Reform
subcommittee headed by Rep. Stephen Horn (R-Calif.) will
hold a hearing on the dispute on Tuesday. ...
11/6/2001 from Reuters:
World Facing Disaster as Population Booms -- U.N.
By Jeremy Lovell
Tuesday November 6 9:15 PM ET
LONDON (Reuters) - People are plundering the planet at
an unprecedented and unsustainable rate that needs to be
curbed quickly to avoid worldwide disaster, the United
Nations said Wednesday. ``More people are using more
resources with more intensity than at any point in human
history,'' the United Nations said in its annual world
population report for 2001. ...
The report said water was being used and polluted at
catastrophic rates. ...
Water is already being used at unsustainable rates in
many countries, with water tables under some Chinese,
Latin American and South Asian cities dropping by more
than 3 feet a year and water from seas and rivers being
diverted with occasionally disastrous results. ...
Vital rain forests are being destroyed at the highest
rate in history, taking with them crucial sources of
biodiversity and contributing to climate warming,
thereby boosting already rising sea levels. ...
11/8/2001 from AP:
Rice Downplays Hope for Russia Pact
By BARRY SCHWEID, AP Diplomatic Writer
Thursday November 8 1:25 PM ET
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush's national security
adviser, playing down prospects of a new arms control
agreement with Russian President Vladimir Putin, said
Thursday that Bush would move independently to reduce
the U.S. nuclear weapons arsenal and to clear the way
for an anti-missile shield. ...
11/9/2001 from AP:
Dutch to Contribute Troops
Updated: Fri, Nov 09 1:55 PM EST
AMSTERDAM, Netherlands (AP) - The Netherlands will
contribute at least 1,200 troops to the war on
terrorism, the government said Friday, joining Germany
and Italy, who agreed this week to send forces. ...
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