BlueHummingbird News - Archive

Archived News Articles: NMD and Foreign Policy

8/13/2001  from AP:
                        http://news.excite.com/news/ap/010813/14/int-rumsfeld-russia
                        Russia Rejects ABM Withdrawal
                        By ROBERT BURNS, AP Military Writer
                        Updated: Mon, Aug 13 2:11 PM EDT
                         
                        MOSCOW (AP) - Russian President Vladimir Putin stood
                        firm Monday against American determination to abandon
                        the landmark 1972 treaty banning national missile
                        defenses.
                        And while Putin expressed hope for a new deal on nuclear
                        arms cuts, his government made clear that it expects
                        detailed, potentially lengthy negotiations, which
                        President Bush is determined to avoid.
                        In remarks to reporters before meeting with Defense
                        Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, Putin said Russia has not
                        changed its view that the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty
                        should be preserved, even if amended.


8/13/2001  from ABC News:
                        http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/abc/20010813/wl/china010813_spyplane_1.html
                        China Refuses U.S. Spy Plane Payment
                        By ABCNEWS.com


8/14/2001  space.com and ap:
                        http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/launches/satellite_orbits_010809.html
                        U.S. Spy Satellites Stray From Their Orbits, Analyst Says

                        http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/ap/20010806/sc/rocket_launch_1.html
                        Air Force Launches Titan Rocket
                        Monday August 6 5:11 AM ET
                        CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) - The Air Force launched a
                        Titan IV rocket Monday carrying a satellite designed to
                        provide early warning of missile launches and nuclear
                        explosions. ...
                        This is the 21st satellite of its kind launched by the
                        Air Force. The DSP system has been a cornerstone of U.S.
                        efforts to monitor missile launches over the past three
                        decades, and would be integral to the operation of the
                        national missile defense system being pushed by
                        President Bush, said Air Force Col. Charles Cornell,
                        deputy system program director. ...


8/14/2001  from AP:
                        http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/ap/20010814/wl/koreas_anniversary_3.html
                        Koreas Mark 1945 Victory Separately
                        By CHRISTOPHER TORCHIA, Associated Press Writer
                        Tuesday August 14 12:25 PM ET
                         
                        SEOUL, South Korea (AP) - A year ago, Aug. 15 was a
                        truly Korean national holiday: the leaders of the two
                        Koreas talked peace and reconciliation and groups of old
                        Koreans in Seoul and Pyongyang crossed the border for
                        tearful family reunions after decades apart. The mood is
                        hardly celebratory in Seoul this year. No show of
                        solidarity is planned for Wednesday, the anniversary of
                        Korea's 1945 liberation from Japanese colonial rule.
                        Instead, students filled downtown Seoul streets Tuesday
                        with anti-U.S. slogans, blaming the renewed chill on the
                        divided Korean peninsula on the Bush administration and
                        its plan for a missile defense system. North Korea,
                        along with Russia and China, oppose the plan. ...


8/15/2001  from AP:
                        http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/ap/20010815/us/un_cash_crunch_1.html
                        Unpaid Dues Cause U.N. Cash Crunch
                        By EDITH M. LEDERER, Associated Press Writer
                         
                        UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The United Nations is facing a
                        summer cash crunch because of unpaid dues - mainly from
                        the United States, which owes $463 million. ...its (US)
                        unpaid dues account for 64 percent of the money owed to
                        the United Nations. ...The $463 million in unpaid U.S.
                        dues to the current budget is distinct from $582 million
                        in back dues that Washington had owed the United Nations
                        since the mid-1990s. That payment has not yet received
                        full approval from Congress. ...


8/16/2001  from ABC News:
                        http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/abc/20010816/pl/budget010816_1.html
                        Bush Rejiggers Accounting Practices
                        By Carter M. Yang ABCNEWS.com
                        Thursday August 16 06:13 PM EDT
                         
                        " ... Under the change, $4.3 billion in tax revenues
                        that would have normally been earmarked for the
                        retirement program's trust fund will be counted as part
                        of the federal budget surplus, allowing the government
                        to spend the money while avoiding the appearance of
                        raiding Social Security funds.
                        "They realized that if we stuck with the conventional
                        accounting practice, the numbers would reveal that we
                        were dipping into the Social Security trust fund surplus
                        to pay for other government activities," said Robert
                        Reischauer, president of the nonpartisan Urban
                        Institute. .... "


8/16/2001  from Reuters:
                        http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/nm/20010816/sc/space_satellites_dc_1.html
                        U.S., China, G7 Countries Flout Satellite Registry
                        By Christopher Noble
                        Thursday August 16 1:21 PM ET
                         
                        BOSTON (Reuters) - The United States, China and most
                        other major nations with satellites in space have failed
                        to register all of them -- a violation of a Cold War-era
                        U.N. convention intended to keep the arms race from
                        moving into orbit, a Harvard University astronomer
                        (Jonathan McDowell) said. ...
                         
                        The 1975 Convention on Registration of Objects Launched
                        into Outer Space obligates countries to keep a registry
                        of what they launch and file it with the United Nations.
                        The United Nations first passed a resolution to keep
                        track of space objects in 1961 and Washington and Moscow
                        started registering satellites in 1962 as the space race
                        heated up. The 1975 convention is an offshoot of the
                        first resolution and created the registry for the
                        objects. ...
                         
                        At present, the United States is the worst offender in
                        terms of raw numbers, having failed to register 141 of
                        the 2,000 satellite payloads launched since the start of
                        the space age, McDowell said. Of those, he estimated
                        seven were military or spy satellites that Washington
                        deliberately did not register.
                        Other countries such as China, Germany, France, Italy
                        and Britain (and Japan and Canada) have failed to
                        register a higher percentage of their payloads, McDowell
                        said. Only the Russian Federation is in full compliance,
                        as was the Soviet Union, which registered all its space
                        objects from 1970, McDowell said. ...


8/19/2001  from the San Francisco Chronicle:
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2001/08/12/ED213628.DTL
                        ON MISSILE DEFENSE
                        A pattern of deception

                        Sunday, August 12, 2001
                         
                        " ... It's time for the American people to understand
                        what's at stake. The development of a missile defense
                        system violates the 1972 ABM Treaty, which outlawed
                        missile defense systems. If the United States prepares
                        to launch space-based weapons, it will also violate the
                        1967 Outer Space Treaty that banned the militarization
                        of space.
                        We also need to shed the illusion that there is such a
                        thing as a perfect defense. Someone, someday, will
                        inevitably find a way to pierce supposedly impenetrable
                        defenses.
                        This debate is not just about whether it is possible to
                        protect Americans from incoming missiles. It is about
                        the desirability of transforming the military into a
                        space-based fighting force and deploying weapons in
                        outer space.
                        This may sound like science fiction, but it is what's
                        passing as serious military policy in the Bush White House."


8/30/2001  from AP:
                        http://news.excite.com/news/ap/010830/10/us-army-asia
                        Army Shifting Equipment to Asia
                        By ROBERT BURNS, AP Military Writer
                        Updated: Thu, Aug 30 10:14 AM EDT
                         
                        WASHINGTON (AP) - The Army intends to move some combat
                        weaponry and equipment stored in Europe to areas in
                        Asia, reflecting the Bush administration's broader shift
                        in strategic focus, the Army's top official said
                        Thursday. Army Secretary Thomas White told a group of
                        reporters that weaponry and equipment stored in Germany
                        and Italy for use by troop reinforcements in the event
                        of war will be moved to Asia. No troops would be moved
                        with the equipment, he said. ...


8/30/2001  from CNN (Reuters) and The Washington Post:

                        http://www.cnn.com/2001/US/08/29/missile.defense/index.html
                        Scientist: Missiles intercepted by U.S. could fall elsewhere
                        August 30, 2001 Posted: 11:16 AM EDT (1516 GMT)
                        LONDON, England (Reuters) -- President Bush's proposed
                        missile shield may protect American cities from attack,
                        but the intercepted missiles could fall on Canada and
                        European countries, according to New Scientist magazine. ...

                        http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/opinion/A10827-2001Aug28.html
                        The Pentagon And the Professor
                        By Geoffrey Forden
                        Wednesday, August 29, 2001; Page A21


8/30/2001  from Reuters:
                        http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/nm/20010830/sc/arms_missile_un_dc_2.html
                        Keep Space Weapons-Free, UN Urges
                        By Michael Christie
                        Thursday August 30 4:05 AM ET
                         
                        SYDNEY (Reuters) - The United Nations on Thursday urged
                        President Bush to keep his plans for a missile shield
                        down on earth and to preserve outer space for peace.
                        ``Hitherto outer space has been militarized we concede
                        but not weaponized. There has been no placement of
                        weapons in outer space,'' said U.N. Under-Secretary
                        General for disarmament affairs Jayantha Dhanapala in an
                        interview.
                        ``I believe it is vitally important that we should
                        preserve outer space for peaceful purposes and the
                        development of missile defenses should in no way violate
                        the present non-weaponized state of outer space,''
                        Dhanapala told Reuters in Sydney. ...


9/1/2001  from The New York Times:
                        http://www.nytimes.com/2001/09/02/international/02CHIN.html
                        White House to Let China Build Up Its Nuclear Fleet
                        By DAVID E. SANGER
                        September 2, 2001
                        WASHINGTON, Sept. 1 - The Bush administration, seeking
                        to overcome Chinese objections to its missile defense
                        program, intends to tell Chinese officials that it has
                        no objections to the country's plans to build up its
                        relatively small fleet of nuclear missiles capable of
                        striking the United States, according to senior
                        administration officials.
                         
                        One senior official said that, in the future, the United
                        States and China may discuss resuming underground
                        nuclear tests if they are needed to assure the safety
                        and reliability of their arsenals.
                         
                        Such a move, however, might also allow China to improve
                        the quality of its nuclear warheads and lead to the end
                        of a worldwide moratorium on nuclear testing. ...

                        http://www.nytimes.com/2001/09/02/international/asia/02DIPL.html
                        U.S. Imposes Sanctions on China Arms Maker
                        By JANE PERLEZ
                        September 2, 2001
                        WASHINGTON, Sept. 1 - The Bush administration imposed
                        trade sanctions today on a major Chinese arms
                        manufacturer after failing to persuade the Chinese
                        government to stop exports of missile technology to
                        Pakistan. ...
                        President Bush is scheduled to visit China for the first
                        time in October, and preparations are underway by both
                        sides to make the trip as smooth and friendly as
                        possible. Sanctions were also being placed on the
                        organization in Pakistan, the National Development
                        Complex, that received the Chinese technology. As the
                        administration has tried to deal with the Chinese sales
                        of weapons technology in the last few months, it was
                        also been debating whether to suspend issuing licenses
                        for American telecommunication companies that place
                        their satellites on Chinese rockets. ...


9/2/2001  from The Washington Post:
                        http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A26955-2001Aug31.html
                        Kremlin Raises Doubts About Texas Summit Plan
                        By Sharon LaFraniere, Washington Post Foreign Service
                        Saturday, September 1, 2001; Page A23
                        MOSCOW, Aug. 31 -- The Kremlin hinted today that Russian
                        President Vladimir Putin might not meet President Bush
                        at his Texas ranch for a planned November summit on
                        missile defense and other issues. ...


9/2/2001  from The Boston Globe:
http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/245/nation/ABM_tests_mostly_miss_real_issues_analysts_say+.shtml
                        ABM tests mostly miss real issues, analysts say
                        Tracking capabilities have lagged for decades
                        By Fred Kaplan, Globe Staff, 9/2/2001


9/2/2001  from Space.com:
                        http://www.space.com/news/military_space_010829-1.html
                        U.S Air Force and NASA Work Closer on Strategic Space Control
                        By Leonard David, Senior Space Writer
                        posted: 03:55 pm ET 29 August 2001
                         
                        ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO -- The United States Air Force
                        and NASA are beefing up their cooperative efforts to
                        develop reusable launch vehicle technologies in an
                        effort to assure the American military's dominance and
                        control of space for national security purposes. ...


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