BlueHummingbird News - Archive

Archived News Articles: NMD and Foreign Policy

Excerpts from U.S.Newswire:

                        January 11, 2001
                        [Clinton admn.]

                        "... The first principle is that our alliances with
                        Europe and Asia are still the cornerstone of our
                        national security, but they must be constantly adapted
                        to meet emerging challenges....
                        In Europe, we revitalized NATO with new partners, new
                        members and new missions...Southeast Europe, which has
                        been a flashpoint for European conflict throughout the
                        20th Century, now has the potential to become a full
                        partner in a peaceful Europe -- if we don't snatch
                        defeat from the jaws of victory. Our European allies
                        already are carrying the overwhelming share of this
                        burden, 85 percent of the peacekeeping troops and 80
                        percent of the funds. But we can't cut and run, or we
                        will forfeit our leadership of NATO. ...We should
                        support Europe's efforts to assume greater security
                        responsibilities -- so long as our European friends move
                        forward in cooperation, not competition, with NATO. ...
                        ...A second principle that guides our foreign policy in
                        a global age is that peace and security for America
                        depends on building principled, constructive relations
                        with our former great power adversaries, Russia and
                        China. ...little else will be possible in our
                        relationship with Russia unless it builds a pluralistic,
                        prosperous society inexorably linked to the West.
                        ...With China, our challenge has been to steer between
                        the extremes of uncritical engagement and untenable
                        confrontation. ...
                        ...A third principle that must guide American foreign
                        policy is that local conflicts can have global
                        consequences ...the challenge of foreign policy in any
                        age is to defuse conflicts before, not after, they
                        escalate and harm our vital interests. ...What's more,
                        the disproportionate power America enjoys today is more
                        likely to be accepted by other nations if we use it for
                        something more than self-protection. ...
                        ...A fourth principle is that, while old threats have
                        not all disappeared, new dangers, accentuated by
                        technological advances and the permeability of borders,
                        require expanded national security priorities. ...Going
                        forward, one of the most important decisions America
                        must make is how to meet the future ballistic missile
                        threat from hostile nations. That future threat is real
                        and we must take it seriously. But National Missile
                        Defense is an intensely complicated issue --
                        technically, internationally and strategically. I hope
                        the new Administration will not be driven by artificial
                        deadlines as it considers the best course. And it is
                        inconceivable to me that we will not fully explore the
                        initiative with North Korea and the potential of curbing
                        the missile program that is at the leading edge of the
                        threat driving the NMD timetable today. ...
                        ...A fifth principle that should continue to drive our
                        foreign policy is that economic integration advances
                        both our interests and our values, but also increases
                        the need to alleviate economic disparity....Working to
                        bridge the global divide is not merely a matter of
                        national empathy; it is a matter of national interest.
                        The global system that creates prosperity for Americans
                        is not sustainable in the long term if billions of
                        people decide they have absolutely no stake in it.
                        ...The overriding reality is that American leadership,
                        in cooperation with our friends and allies is essential
                        to a more secure, peaceful, and prosperous world. ...Our
                        extraordinary strength is a blessing. But it comes with
                        a responsibility to carry our weight, instead of merely
                        throwing it around. That means meeting our
                        responsibilities to alliances like NATO and institutions
                        like the UN. It means shaping treaties from the inside
                        ... instead of packing up our marbles and going home, as
                        the Senate did with the CTBT. Otherwise, we will find
                        the world resisting our power instead of respecting it.
                        When our friends call us a "hyperpower" we should not
                        apologize. But to remain strong, we must be a hyperpower
                        they can depend on. We must remember that there is a
                        difference between power and authority. Power is the
                        ability to compel by force and sanctions, and there are
                        times we must use it, for there will always be interests
                        and values worth fighting for. Authority is the ability
                        to lead, and we depend on it for almost everything we
                        try to achieve. Our authority is built on qualities very
                        different from our power: on the attractiveness of our
                        values, on the force of our example, on the credibility
                        of our commitments, and on our willingness to listen to
                        and stand by others. ..."

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