Archived News Articles: NMD and Foreign Policy
11/26/2001 from AP:
Bush Warns Iraq, North Korea
By RON FOURNIER, AP White House Correspondent
Updated: Mon, Nov 26 4:43 PM EST
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush said Monday the
U.S.-led war in Afghanistan is "just the beginning" of
the fight against terrorism, and he warned Iraq and
North Korea there would be consequences for producing
weapons of mass destruction. ...
Some advisers are pushing Bush to make Iraq his next
target. Many of those aides worked for Bush's father who
led the country through the Persian Gulf War that ended
with Saddam's promise to stop producing weapons of mass
destruction and to open his nation to inspectors. ...
11/26/2001 from Reuters:
U.S. Firm Clones Human Embryo for Cells
By Maggie Fox, Health and Science Correspondent
Sunday November 25 6:16 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A U.S. company said on Sunday it
had cloned a human embryo for the first time ever in a
breakthrough aimed not at creating a human being but at
mining the embryo for stem cells used to treat diseases.
Biotechnology company Advanced Cell Technology Inc.
(ACT), based in Worcester, Massachusetts, said it hopes
the experiment will lead to tailored treatments for
diseases ranging from Parkinson's to juvenile diabetes.
It also coaxed a woman's egg cell into becoming an early
embryo on its own, without any kind of fertilization. …
11/26/2001 at the New York Times:
By WILLIAM SAFIRE
11/26/2001 from the New York Times:
Europe Plans to Compete With U.S. Satellite Network
By JENNIFER B. LEE
11/28/2001 from Reuters: dailynews.yahoo.com/h/nm/20011128/wl/attack_afghan_schroeder_dc_3.html
Germany Warns U.S. on Wider Anti-Terror War
Wednesday November 28 11:55 AM ET
BERLIN (Reuters) - Germany warned the United States
Wednesday against expanding its war on terrorism in
Afghanistan to countries such as Iraq and Somalia.
``All European nations would view a broadening (of the
conflict) to include Iraq highly skeptically -- and that
is putting it diplomatically,'' Foreign Minister Joschka
Fischer told parliament.
Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder reiterated his support for
the U.S.-led coalition but said Germany was not ``simply
waiting to intervene militarily elsewhere in the world,
such as Iraq or Somalia.''
Both men suggested that bombing Iraq could trigger a
wider, uncontrollable conflict in the Middle East. ...
11/29/2001 from Reuters:
Pentagon Plans Missile Defense Test Saturday
By Charles Aldinger
Thursday November 29 3:50 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. military plans to
conduct its fifth ``hit-to-kill'' missile defense test
in space over the Pacific Ocean on Saturday as Moscow
and Washington remain at odds over the American
anti-missile program, the Pentagon said on Thursday.
``It is scheduled for Saturday night. It is just part of
an ongoing and robust missile defense program,'' Defense
Department spokeswoman Victoria Clarke told reporters. ...
12/4/2001 from Reuters and AP:
U.S. Missile Defense Test Succeeds After Two Delays
Tuesday December 4 12:13 AM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States military on
Monday successfully carried out a twice-delayed test
shoot-down of a missile warhead over the Pacific Ocean,
advancing missile defense plans opposed by Moscow and
Pentagon: Missile Test a Success
Tuesday December 4 4:01 AM ET
By MATT KELLEY, Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - The U.S. military says it completed
its third successful missile defense test, knocking a
dummy warhead out of space more than 100 miles over the
South Pacific. ...
An interceptor missile launched from Kwajalein Atoll in
the Marshall Islands collided with the dummy warhead at
about 10:30 p.m. EST, the military said. The test was
nearly identical to a successful one in July. ...
China Fumes Over U.S. Missile Test
Tuesday December 4 5:19 AM ET
BEIJING (Reuters) - China said on Tuesday it remained
staunchly opposed to plans by Washington to develop a
national missile defense system after the United States
tested its controversial missile defense shield.
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Zhang Qiyue told a news
conference ... " ... we believe that relevant sides
should, through sincere and serious dialogues, seek a
solution that does not compromise any side's security
interests, nor harm international efforts at
arms-control and disarmament,'' ...
12/6/2001 from Reuters: http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/nm/20011206/wl/arms_russia_usa_dc_1.html
Russia Says Move to Dump ABM May Destabilize World
Thursday December 6 10:34 AM ET
MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russia warned the United States on
Thursday against unilateral moves to dump a landmark
pact banning missile defense, saying it could
destabilize the international situation already tense
due to Afghanistan.
Deputy Foreign Minister Georgy Mamedov told visiting
U.S. Under-Secretary of State John Bolton that a move by
the United States to leave the 1972 Anti-Ballistic
Missile Treaty would be a mistake, the Foreign Ministry
said in a statement.
``During the talks the Russian side once again noted the
negative consequences for international stability of any
U.S. decision to unilaterally leave the 1972 ABM treaty,
which is supported by the vast majority of countries,''
``It would be particularly dangerous given the current
difficult international situation,'' the communique
said, a clear reference to the U.S.-led military
campaign in Afghanistan. ...
12/7/2001 from Reuters:
Lawmakers Urge Bush to Make Iraq Next Target
Thursday December 6 6:53 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Ten leading members of Congress
have urged President Bush to make Iraq the next target
in the U.S. war on terrorism, saying it has
reinvigorated its weapons programs in the three years
since U.N. inspectors left. ...
Among those signing the letter were Senate Minority
Leader Trent Lott, House International Relations
Committee Chairman Henry Hyde, the ranking Republican on
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Jesse Helms,
former presidential candidate Sen. John McCain and
former Democratic vice presidential candidate Sen.
The letter is the latest in a string of calls for a
renewed offensive against Iraq and President Saddam
Hussein once the Afghanistan campaign ends. ...
12/11/2001 from Reuters, CNN and AP:
U.S. Nearing ABM Treaty Withdrawal
By Carol Giacomo, Diplomatic Correspondent
Tuesday December 11 4:24 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The White House said on Tuesday
the ''time is near'' to move beyond the 1972
Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty and there were signs
President Bush would soon formally announce U.S.
``We will need to move beyond the ABM treaty. That time
is near and the president will let you know when that
time has arrived,'' National Security Council spokesman
Sean McCormack told Reuters in Charleston, South
Carolina, where he accompanied Bush to a speaking
engagement at The Citadel military school.
During the speech, Bush reiterated the United States
``must move beyond the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty,''
which bars the United States and Russia from developing
and deploying national missile defense systems, so that
it can vigorously develop a missile defense system.
He stopped short of announcing a formal intent to
But administration officials have told Republican Senate
staff members that Bush expects to give formal notice in
January of a required six-month withdrawal period from
the treaty, Senate sources told Reuters. ...
Sources: U.S. intends to withdraw from ABM treaty
December 11, 2001 Posted: 4:18 PM EST (2118 GMT)
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- President Bush is expected to give
notice soon to the Russian government that the United
States intends to withdraw from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic
Missile Treaty, sources said Tuesday.
Two top advisers to former Russian President Boris
Yeltsin told CNN that Secretary of State Colin Powell
told President Vladimir Putin of the administration's
intentions after meetings this week in Moscow.
The advisers said they expect Bush within days to give a
formal six-month notice that the United States is
pulling out of the treaty so the administration can do
further tests on its missile defense program. ...
Bush to Withdraw From ABM Treaty
By RON FOURNIER, AP White House Correspondent
DECEMBER 11, 16:45 ET
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush will soon give Russia
notice that the United States is withdrawing from the
1972 nuclear treaty that bans testing of missile defense
systems, U.S. government officials said Tuesday.
He will announce the decision in the next several days,
effectively invoking a clause in the Anti-Ballistic
Missile Treaty that requires the United States and
Russia to give six months' notice before abandoning the
Initial White House plans called for announcing the
decision Thursday, but officials cautioned that date
could change. The four government officials spoke on
condition of anonymity. ...
12/11/2001 at ABCNews:
Enron's Close Ties to Bush
By Josh Gerstein ABCNEWS.com
Monday December 10 02:52 PM EST
When the energy-trading firm Enron collapsed recently
after disclosing financial irregularities, thousands of
employees lost their jobs and investors lost billions.
Enron's fall also crippled one of President Bush's most
loyal corporate supporters. ...
12/12/2001 at The Christian Science Monitor:
Bin Laden in Pakistan, source claims
As US airstrikes pound Tora Bora, a top Al Qaeda aide
says the leader has fled.
By Philip Smucker | Special to The Christian Science
12/13/2001 from Reuters:
Bush: U.S. Abandoning Key 1972 Missile Treaty
By Steve Holland
Thursday December 13 1:43 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Rejecting Russian and Chinese
opposition, President Bush gave formal notice on
Thursday that the United States is abandoning the 1972
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty to press ahead with a
missile defense system. ...
12/13/2001 from AP:
Bush Invokes Executive Privilege
By JOHN SOLOMON, Associated Press Writer
Thursday December 13 2:21 PM ET
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush invoked executive
privilege for the first time Thursday to keep Congress
from seeing documents of prosecutors' decision-making in
cases ranging from a decades-old Boston murder to the
Clinton-era fund-raising probe.
``I believe congressional access to these documents
would be contrary to the national interest,'' Bush wrote
in a memo ordering Attorney General John Ashcroft to
withhold the documents from a House investigative
committee that subpoenaed them.
The decision institutes a dramatic change in the way the
administration intends to deal with Congress after years
in which the Justice Department, sometimes reluctantly,
shared sensitive investigative documents with lawmakers.
Republicans and Democrats alike excoriated the decision,
suggesting Bush was creating a ``monarchy'' or
``imperial'' presidency to keep Congress for (sic: from) overseeing
the executive branch and guarding against corruption. ...
12/15/2001 fom Reuters and AP:
Pakistan Threatens 'Force' if India Acts
By Sheree Sardar
Saturday December 15 8:22 PM ET
ISLAMABAD (Reuters) - Pakistan President Pervez
Musharraf Saturday threatened to retaliate with force if
arch-rival India took any ``precipitous action'' after
accusing a Pakistan-based guerrilla group of being
behind this week's attack on parliament in New Delhi. ...
India, Pakistan Tensions Grow
By NEELESH MISRA, Associated Press Writer
Saturday December 15 4:58 PM ET
NEW DELHI, India (AP) - The Indian leadership on
Saturday issued its harshest rhetoric yet after the
suicide terrorist attack on Parliament, accusing
Pakistan of sponsoring the carnage and threatening to
blast terrorist camps.
In Pakistan, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, the president, put
the army on high alert, said India had no proof the
attackers operated from or were supported by his country
and warned New Delhi against reprisals. ...
12/18/2001 from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/18/international/middleeast/18IRAQ.html
U.S. Again Placing Focus on Ousting Hussein
By PATRICK E. TYLER
December 18, 2001
WASHINGTON, Dec. 17 - The option of taking the war
against terrorism to Iraq and Saddam Hussein has gained
significant ground in recent weeks both inside the
administration and among some important allies in the
Muslim world, according to administration officials and
diplomats from the region. ...
Asked today whether Iraq is next in the antiterrorist
campaign, President Bush said: "Oh, no, I'm not going to
tell the enemy what's next. They just need to know that
so long as they plan, and have got plans, to murder
innocent people, America will be breathing down their neck." ...
12/18/2001 from AP:
Officials Back Low-Yield Nuke Strike
By H. JOSEF HEBERT, Associated Press Writer
Tuesday December 18 7:26 PM ET
WASHINGTON (AP)- A low-yield nuclear strike may be the
best way to destroy underground stockpiles of chemical
and biological agents, Defense officials said in a
report to Congress.
The report concludes that it would be impossible for
conventional weapons to destroy the most deeply buried
facilities of a terrorist group or hostile state that
contain chemical or biological weapons, and that a
low-yield nuclear device could do the job.
But the United States has no ``bunker-busting'' nuclear
warhead that can penetrate deep enough and with enough
accuracy to destroy such an enemy stockpile. And since
1994, the government has been barred by Congress from
development any new nuclear warhead.
Despite the ban, the report shows that the
administration views a nuclear strike as ``an intrinsic
part'' of dealing with deeply entombed enemy targets and
``is essentially doing all the preparation'' for a
future full-scale research and development program for a
new mini-nuclear warhead, said Martin Butcher, director
of security programs at the Physicians for Social
This kind of warhead, even at low yields, is ``the
dirtiest kind of all. It's highly radioactive,'' said
Butcher, whose group as been a leading voice in the
nuclear nonproliferation debate. It sends ``the wrong
signals'' and will add to the risk of nuclear
The report sent to key committees in Congress by Defense
Secretary Donald Rumsfeld in October provides a general
outline of U.S. capabilities for dealing with what
defense officials believe is a growing gap in U.S.
military response: The ability to attack deeply buried,
hardened enemy targets that are suspected of housing
weapons of mass destruction. ...
A copy of the report was distributed by Nuclear Watch of
New Mexico, based in Santa Fe, on its web site. ...
12/21/2001 from The Washinton Post at msnbc:
Pakistan develops as war's next front
By Thomas E. Ricks and Alan Sipress
THE WASHINGTON POST
Dec. 20 - With the collapse of the Taliban and the
flight of hundreds of al Qaeda fighters from
Afghanistan, neighboring Pakistan is rapidly becoming
the new front in the U.S. military campaign, perhaps
even the key to how successfully the war ends.
IF INDICATIONS mount that Osama bin Laden is in
Pakistan, pressure may grow for the 1,500 U.S. military
personnel now based in that country to become more
directly involved in the hunt for him.
The problems facing Pakistan as the Afghan war
spills into its territory were underscored yesterday
when 13 people were killed after dozens of suspected al
Qaeda fighters who had been taken prisoner after
crossing the border overwhelmed their guards and started
a gun battle.
Pakistan has been on both sides of the situation
in Afghanistan. It was there for the Taliban, providing
crucial assistance when the Islamic militia took power
in 1996. And it was there for the United States, quickly
rallying to President Bush's call for a war on terrorism
after Sept. 11. Now it is being forced by the hunt for
al Qaeda members to come to terms with its internal
12/27/2001 from Reuters:
Bush Returns to Texas Ranch to See in 'War Year'
By Patricia Wilson
December 26, 2001 06:15 PM ET
CRAWFORD, Texas (Reuters) - For just the second time
since the Sept. 11 attacks, President Bush savored the
wide open spaces of his beloved Texas ranch on
Wednesday, recharging his batteries for "a war year" in
In the CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll, 39 percent of those
surveyed chose Bush as the living man they admired most.
The previous record for men was set by Kennedy, who
received 32 percent in 1961, the end of his first year
as president. ...
"Next year will be a war year as well because we're going
to continue to hunt down these al Qaeda people in this
particular theater, as well as other places," Bush said last week. ...
12/28/2001 from Reuters:
Friday December 28 9:48 AM ET
India Seeks Help for Its Own War on Terrorism
By Y.P. Rajesh and Raja Asghar
NEW DELHI/ISLAMABAD (Reuters) - India appealed on Friday
for international support for its own war on terrorism
but vowed to tackle Pakistani-based Muslim militants
with or without outside help.
As India and Pakistan massed troops along their border
and trade tit-for-tat sanctions and the United States
urged peace talks, Indian Home (interior) Minister Lal
Krishna Advani said the fight against terrorism did not
end with Osama bin Laden.
``I would like to say to nations that the problems that
they are trying to solve are not connected with one man
or one country,'' he said, referring to bin Laden and
``This problem is born from fundamentalism...and thus we
must fight against fundamentalism. And that is why I
want to say that the fight this time will be such that
it will not be against any country but for decisive
victory over terrorism.''
Advani said India would welcome international support:
``But if not, even then we will not worry.''...
India's foreign ministry said Pakistan's retaliation
showed it was still not recognizing the gravity of the
``Pakistan still refuses to recognize the need to take
precise, focused steps to address the central issue of
terrorism operating out of Pakistan,'' Nirupama Rao told
``It is Pakistan which is the epicenter of terrorism in
the region and refuses to recognize the ramifications of
that situation and the gravity with which India views
this entire matter.'' ...
Indian Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh on Thursday said
talks with Pakistan were neither practical nor possible
in the current climate.
India has also ruled out a one-on-one meeting between
Vajpayee and Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf at a
summit of South Asian leaders due to start in Nepal next
There are now doubts if that summit can even go ahead.
1/8/2002 At The New York Times:
U.S. Sees Battles After Afghan War in Lawless Areas
By JAMES DAO and ERIC SCHMITT
January 8, 2002
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7 - The war on terrorism after
Afghanistan could focus on denying terrorist groups
sanctuary in places like Somalia, Yemen, Indonesia and
the Philippines, countries where they have sometimes
operated freely, Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul D.
Wolfowitz said today. ...
Mr. Wolfowitz stressed that he was not providing an
explicit forecast for the next step in the war on
terrorism and that the Pentagon had not ruled out
imminent military action against any country. ...
He also asserted that the Pentagon's main focus remained
Afghanistan, which he described as being "at least as
treacherous and dangerous now as it was a month or two
"One of the most difficult things in the next few months
is going to be establishing which of our allies of
convenience in the early stages of this war can become
real allies over the longer term, and which ones are
going to be major troublemakers, and which ones are
going to just switch sides," Mr. Wolfowitz said in the
1/11/2002 at the LA Times:
Camps Thrive in Pakistan, India Charges
Asia: Spy agency says Islamabad won't dismantle 17
terrorist training complexes
By PAUL WATSON and SIDHARTHA BARUA, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES
NEW DELHI -- While pressure mounts on Pakistan to take
tougher action against terrorism, India's top spy agency
charges that Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf has
done nothing to dismantle what it says are at least 17
terrorist training camps in territory under his control.
India's equivalent of the CIA, the Research and Analysis
Wing, has identified the training camps in
Pakistani-controlled areas of the disputed Kashmir
region and Pakistan proper. The camps are used to train
fighters for three Pakistan-based groups battling to end
Indian rule in Kashmir, a senior Indian intelligence
source said, speaking on condition he not be identified
because of the clandestine nature of his work.
At least two of the three groups have links to Osama bin
Laden's Al Qaeda terrorist network, according to the
RAW, which answers directly to Indian Prime Minister
Atal Behari Vajpayee. Although Musharraf insists
publicly that he is determined to end all forms of
terrorism, there is no evidence that his government has
tried to shut down the camps, the Indian intelligence
official said. ...
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