Archived News Articles: NMD and Foreign Policy
8/2/2001 from AP and Reuters:
Gephardt Assails Bush Foreign Policy
By BARRY SCHWEID, AP Diplomatic Writer
Thursday August 2 11:53 AM ET
WASHINGTON (AP) - One-time presidential aspirant Rep.
Richard Gephardt, leader of the House's 210 Democrats,
assailed President Bush's foreign policy Wednesday as
one that worries allies in Europe and tries to dictate
missile-defense terms to Russia. ...
Gephardt Blasts Bush 'Go-It-Alone' Policies
By Carol Giacomo, Diplomatic Correspondent
Thursday August 2 1:39 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - House Democratic leader Richard
Gephardt accused President Bush on Thursday of a
``go-it-alone'' approach to world affairs that has
worried allies, presented Russia with unwise
``ultimatums'' and ultimately may imperil U.S. security.
Speaking to the Carnegie Endowment for International
Peace, Gephardt outlined a strategic framework for
dealing with Russia and emphasized the need for an
engaged and collaborative approach to international
problems with allies and other countries.
Gephardt, who recently returned from a trip to Europe
and Russia, said he would work to build a bipartisan
majority in the U.S. Congress that would block
deployment of a missile defense system that might
violate the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, and
would look favorably on Russia's eventual membership in
8/2/2001 from AP:
Rice Aims for New Russia Framework
By BARRY SCHWEID, AP Diplomatic Writer
Thursday August 2 6:11 PM ET
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Bush administration will try to
work out a new strategic framework with Russia that
could include joint military exercises and sharing of
missile technology - provided Russia stops assisting
Iran and North Korea, White House National Security
Adviser Condoleezza Rice said Thursday. ...
``We've set up intensive consultations,'' said Rice, who
held her own talks in Moscow after the Bush-Putin
meeting. ``We believe there is a new strategic framework
out there that permits missile defenses and involves
offensive reductions.'' ...
A new relationship, she said, could include the United
States and Russia sharing defense plans ``so they see
what the other side is doing,'' joint warning exercises
and sharing missile data, including permission for
Russia to purchase American equipment. ...
8/4/2001 from AP, BBC, Reuters:
Russia, N. Korea Leaders Renew Ties
By PAUL SHIN, Associated Press Writer
Saturday August 4 2:33 PM ET
MOSCOW (AP) - In an eerie echo of the Cold War, North
Korean leader Kim Jong Il and Russian President Vladimir
Putin embraced in the Kremlin on Saturday, pledged to
renew strategic ties and denounced the United States for
its missile defense program. At the end of summit talks,
the two leaders signed a manifesto calling for close
consultations on global issues and bilateral economic
Kremlin declaration denies missile threat
Saturday, 4 August, 2001, 11:40 GMT 12:40 UK
Russia and North Korea have signed a joint declaration
which states that Pyongyang's missile programme is not a
threat to countries which respect North Korean
A Kremlin spokesman also said that Pyongyang had
confirmed its intention to observe a moratorium on
missile testing until 2003. ...
Russian-North Korean Declaration: Excerpts
N.Korea Seeks to Calm Missile Fears in Moscow
By Daniel Mclaughlin
8/20/2001 from The New York Times:
Global Arms Sales Rise Again, and the U.S. Leads the Pack
By THOM SHANKER
August 20, 2001
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 - International arms sales grew 8
percent last year, to nearly $36.9 billion, with the
United States further consolidating its stature as the
supplier of choice, especially in developing countries,
according to a new Congressional report.
American manufacturers signed contracts for just under
$18.6 billion, or about half of all weapons sold on the
world market during 2000, with 68 percent of the
American weapons bought by developing countries.
Russia followed, with $7.7 billion in sales, then France
with $4.1 billion, Germany with $1.1 billion, Britain
with $600 million, China with $400 million and Italy
with $100 million. ...
8/21/2001 from The New York Times:
U.S. Balks on Plan to Take Plutonium Out of Warheads
By MATTHEW L. WALD
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20 - A program conceived by the Clinton
administration to rid the world of 100 tons of American
and Russian weapons-grade plutonium is likely to be
abandoned by the Bush administration, according to
people who have been briefed about the project.
Under the plan, which was first proposed in the
mid-90's, 50 tons of American plutonium and 50 tons of
Russian plutonium would be taken out of nuclear weapons
and either converted into fuel for nuclear reactors or
rendered useless for weapons by mixing it with with
highly radioactive nuclear waste, a process known as
When the plan was drafted, Clinton administration
officials said the program would reduce the risk that
the plutonium would fall into the wrong hands, where it
could easily be turned into weapons.
By reducing the availability of weapons-grade plutonium,
the project had the added benefit of bolstering treaties
between the United States and Russia to cut the number
of nuclear warheads deployed by each side, by making it
harder to turn plutonium from decommissioned weapons
back into warheads. ...
Early this year the Energy Department predicted a cost
of $6.6 billion, about triple the initial estimates, to
convert the American stocks to fuel for civilian nuclear
reactors. It put Russia's cost at $1.76 billion, which
is money Russia does not have. ...
8/22/2001 from The New York Times:
U.S. Sets Deadline for Settlement of ABM Argument
By PATRICK E. TYLER
August 22, 2001
MOSCOW, Aug. 21 - A senior Bush administration official
said today that the United States had given Russia an
unofficial deadline of November to agree to changes in
the Antiballistic Missile Treaty or face a unilateral
American withdrawal from the arms control accord.
Speaking in an interview on Russian radio that will be
aired on Wednesday evening, the official, John R.
Bolton, undersecretary of state for arms control and
international security, said after two days of talks
with Russian officials that the United States plans to
resolve its strategy for withdrawing from the treaty
before Russia's president, Vladimir V. Putin, visits Mr.
Bush this fall. ...
8/23/2001 from The New York Times:
Bush Is Said to Pick General in Air Force to Lead Military
By FRANK BRUNI
August 23, 2001
CRAWFORD, Tex., Aug. 22 - Administration officials said
today that they expected President Bush to nominate Gen.
Richard B. Myers, a former head of the Air Force's space
command, as the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. ...
the nomination of General Myers would signal the
commitment that Mr. Bush and Donald H. Rumsfeld, the
secretary of defense, have toward a space-based missile
defense shield. ...
Michael O'Hanlon, a military affairs expert at the
Brookings Institution in Washington, said General
Myers's work with the space command made him an
understandable choice "for an administration thinking
about military uses of space and missile defense." ...
8/23/2001 from Reuters:
Bush Says U.S. to Quit Arms Pact on 'Our Timetable'
By Patricia Wilson
Thursday August 23 2:04 PM ET
CRAWFORD, Texas (Reuters) - President Bush flatly
declared on Thursday that the United States would
withdraw ``on our timetable'' from the 1972
Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty, a long-standing
cornerstone of arms control.
In one of his most explicit statements on the issue,
Bush told reporters the accord hampered U.S. ability to
keep the peace because it prohibited deployment of a
missile defense shield. He said he had made that clear
to Russian President Vladimir Putin.
``We will withdraw from the ABM treaty on our
timetable,'' Bush said. ``I have no specific timetable
in mind.'' ...
8/23/2001 from The Moscow Times:
By Pavel Felgenhauer
Thursday, Aug. 23, 2001. Page 6
" ... Rumsfeld also told reporters that he did not come
to Moscow to "bargain" and that Washington is not
offering Moscow anything for a tacit agreement to allow
the United States to build a limited missile defense
shield. American strategic offensive nuclear weapons
will be cut back anyway - no matter what Russia says or
does - and there will be no treaties whatsoever to
control how many nukes the Unite States will have.
... The Russian military and most of the elite see the
West as the worst potential military threat to this
nation. Nuclear deterrence is seen as the best way to
constrain the threat, while the balance is stabilized by
arms control treaties. Hardly any Russian leader (even
Putin) can today risk even tacitly supporting U.S.
attempts to scrap arms control."
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