News Articles: National Missile Defense (NMD) and Foreign Policy
posted: 06:24 pm ET, 06 September 2000
Russia's Putin Calls for Ban on Weapons in Space
UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- Russian President Vladimir Putin
on Wednesday called upon world leaders to come to Moscow
for a conference to ban the militarization of space -- a challenge
to any American plan to build an antimissile defense system.
Addressing the Millennium Summit at the United Nations, Putin
described the 1972 Antiballistic Missile Treaty as a "foundation"
of the entire nuclear arms control. "Particularly alarming are the
plans for the militarization of space," Putin said. ...
From US Newswire (in entirety):
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2 /U.S. Newswire/ -- The following was
released today by Physicians For Social Responsibility:
Leaving rhetoric about a bipartisan administration and
claims of being a 'uniter, not a divider' in the dust,
President-Elect George W. Bush has disregarded the
recent election results and the American public which
favored Vice President Al Gore, Jr. His naming of
arch-conservatives past and present to his cabinet will
cease and reverse progress made for the last decade on
key environmental, disarmament and violence prevention
"From John Ashcroft and Gale Norton to Tommy Thompson
and even on to Christine Todd Whitman, President-Elect
Bush has assembled a wrecking crew to tear down the
valuable progress we've made toward a safer world," said
Robert K. Musil, Ph.D., Executive Director and CEO of
Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR). "Key
policies like continued support from the Departments of
Justice and Heath and Human Services for initiatives to
protect us from handgun violence and the Environmental
Protection Agency's concern for regulating public health
threats will be rolled back under these unsuitable
President-Elect Bush's selection of former Secretary of
Defense Donald Rumsfeld, whose revolving-door
connections to the military-industrial complex and
opposition to any meaningful disarmament efforts are
well documented, is a major disaster. Rumsfeld, unless
opposed, will help launch a new arms race by pursuing
the National Missile Defense program. Rumsfeld also
announced that he will pursue a system to defend our
space-based assets, opening new avenues for reckless
military spending and dangerous international
"To name as Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, who
testified against the chemical weapons convention, who
opposed the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, who opposed
the SALT II arms agreement, who lobbied for the B-2
Bomber and the MX Missile, is to wish this count(r)y
back into its darkest times," said Musil. "America
doesn't need to relive the Cold War. We were lucky to
survive it the first time through."
--- PSR, which represents 22,000 physicians and health
professionals nationwide and won the Nobel Peace Prize
in 1985, will oppose the confirmation of a number of
Bush cabinet-designees, focusing particularly on
Attorney General designee Ashcroft, Secretary of the
Interior designee Norton and Secretary of Health and
Human Services designee Thompson.
Remarks as Delivered By Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld, Munich, Germany, Saturday, February 3, 2001
"...the United States intends to develop and deploy a
missile defense designed to defend our people and forces
against a limited ballistic missile attack, and is
prepared to assist friends and allies threatened by
missile attack to deploy such defenses. ..."
Rumsfeld Vows to Share Missile Shield
By Charles Aldinger, Reuters News Agency
posted: 11:18 am ET, 05 February 2001
"A system of defense need not be perfect. But the
American people must not be left completely
defenseless," Rumsfeld said.
"The United States intends to develop and deploy a
missile defense designed to defend our people and forces
against a limited ballistic missile attack, and is
prepared to assist friends and allies threatened by
missile attack to deploy such defenses." ...
Several European leaders say the ABM Treaty, which
Rumsfeld in December called "ancient history," is a
bedrock of nuclear arms control and are worried
Washington will abandon it.
Russian Security Official Warns U.S. Against National Missile Defense
By Colleen Barry, Associated Press
posted: 10:06 am ET, 05 February 2001
MUNICH, Germany (AP) -- A top Russian security official,
Sergei Ivanov, sternly warned the new Bush
administration Sunday that a planned U.S. national
missile defense system would trigger a new arms race
that would eventually extend into space. Ivanov, one of
President Vladimir Putin's closest advisers and
secretary of his powerful security council, told an
international security conference of defense ministers
and experts that the system would by definition abolish
the 1972 Antiballistic Missile Treaty (ABM). "And the
destruction of the ABM treaty, we are quite confident,
will result in the annihilation of the whole structure
of strategic stability and create prerequisites for a
new arms race -- including one in space.'' ...
Russia and the United States expressed clearly different
views on the 1972 ABM Treaty during the weekend
conference. Ivanov said the importance of the treaty
"has not faded.'' ...
Rumsfeld, who returned to Washington Saturday, called it
"ancient history.'' ...
U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell echoed Rumsfeld's
remarks Sunday, saying the United States is committed to
pursuing a national missile defense system, which could
mean abandoning the ABM Treaty.
Russia Says Leave ABM Treaty Alone, Missile Defense Won't Work
By Yuri Karash, Moscow Contributing Correspondent
posted: 07:00 am ET, 12 February 2001
MOSCOW -- Russia is ready to match any new missile
defense technology developed by the United States if the
latter violates the terms of 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile
treaty, according to Russian Defense Minister Marshall
Igor Sergeev. ...
Sergeev said that Russian politicians and military
experts don't believe that any new U.S. anti-missile
technologies will really be effective in terms of
protecting the American homeland from missile attack.
2/26/2001 Russia Warns Sternly Against U.S. Antimissile Shield
Putin Readying Diplomatic and Military Countermeasures
MOSCOW, Feb. 5 - Russia's response to the Bush
administration's confirmation this weekend of the U.S.
plan to press ahead with its national missile defense
(NMD) shield was swift and stern. Moscow's security
chief, Sergei Ivanov, startled American senators and top
NATO officials gathered at an international security
conference in Munich on Sunday (Feb. 4) with a hard-line
statement that said no to NATO enlargement, no to the
Bush administration plans for missile defenses, and
warned the West not to push Russia too hard over its
Sounding like a Soviet official during the Cold War,
according to a Feb. 5 UPI wire report said, the fluent
English-speaking Ivanov spoke in Russian to denounce the
Bush administration's plan to proceed with a national
anti-missile defense system (NMD). The Russian official
then outraged the U.S. entourage when he accused NATO of
inflicting on Europe "an ecological disaster comparable
to Chernobyl" in its use of depleted uranium bullets
during the air war in Kosovo, the UPI said.
"We oppose them because they undermine the basis of
global strategic stability. Deployment of NMD by
definition would make the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
useless. And the destruction of this treaty -- we are
quite positive about this -- will result in the
annihilation of the whole structure of strategic
stability and create prerequisites for a new arms race,
including in outer space," Ivanov said.
Ivanov's remarks came in response to "the Bush
Administration's maiden voyage into the choppy waters of
trans-Atlantic relations," as the Sydney Morning Herald
put it on Feb. 5, citing the Los Angeles Times as
source. The new U.S. defense secretary, Donald
Rumsfeld, put European allies on notice that the
Pentagon will press ahead with a national missile
defense despite their objections.
Story at: http://www.truthinmedia.org/
2/28/2001 Russian perspective by Linda DeLaine at About.com (forum closed)
"What the American militarists are doing at the start of
the new administration's activity is a challenge to
international security and the entire world community,"
said Col. Gen. Leonid Ivashov, chief of the Russian
Defense Ministry, as reported by AP on Feb. 16, 2001,
following the U.S. and British bombing raid on Bagdad,
Iraq. This sentiment was echoed by Egypt and NATO
allies, France and Turkey. .....
Ivashov told ITAR-TASS that, "If the system is set up, we
will regard it as the advance echelon for intercepting
Russian strategic missiles. Americans will be, as it
were, shielding themselves from Russian rockets with
Europe in this multi-layer defense . . . Russia reserves
the right to adopt corresponding conclusions and steps
to guard its own security." ...
Deputy head of General Headquarters, Col. Gen. Valery
Manilov, was recently quoted by Reuters as saying, "The
modernization the Americans are talking about would, in
essence, take all the substance out of the ABM Treaty
and make nonsense of [its primary] aim "that is, to
maintain a balance between strategic offensive and
defensive arms,"adding that any change to this balance
would "unavoidably lead to an arms race. It is the
general opinion of Russian officials that the NMD would
basically nullify START II and end any attempts to
ratify START III."
Russia suspends dismantling weapons
A response to Bush's campaign for missile defense system
mailto:email@example.com NBC NEWS
MOSCOW, March 11 Russian President Vladimir Putin
suspended the dismantling of nuclear warheads called for
under the START II treaty with the United States on
President Bush's inauguration day, NBC News has learned.
And Russian officials insist that Moscow will end
cooperation on nuclear disarmament if Washington presses
forward with plans to build a national missile defense
"IF THE NMD (national missile defense) is deployed in
the United States, we will have to forget about
reductions of strategic offensive weapons," said Yuri
Kapralov, director of Russian Security and Disarmament.
Russia also has rolled out its counter-threat,
the Topol-M missile. Although it is ostensibly a
single-warhead intercontinental ballistic missile,
experts believe it could be converted to carry several
warheads, which would violate the Start II agreement.
Under the arms-reduction pact, which the United
States and Russia signed in 1993, both countries
committed to eliminating missiles with more than one
"The Topol-M already has the capability to
overcome any anti-missile defense," said Gen. Vladimir
Yakovlev, commander of Russia's rocket forces. He added
that the next move was up to the United States.
In the high-stakes game of sword vs. missile
shield, Putin has mounted a diplomatic offensive,
arguing that North Korea and Iran are not as great a
threat as argued by the United States. He's even
proposed a limited missile defense plan for Europe.
"The 1972 ABM treaty is like an axis to which a
whole series of international security agreements is
attached," Putin said last week. "As soon as we pull out
this axis, all of them will automatically fall apart.
The whole of today's international security system will
Former President Mikhail Gorbachev who
confronted the Reagan administration's campaign on
behalf of the "Star Wars" defense shield has warned
that the U.S. system would spark a new arms race
new spiral of militarization with unpredictable
Critics say the Kremlin is reverting to
Soviet-era tactics, using the missile shield to try to
drive a wedge between Washington and its European
allies. But the Russians counter that the real risk is
to advances made through arms control over the past
3/12/2001 From MSNBC News Services, also Reuters:
Russia to resume arms sales to Iran
Putin rejects U.S. pressure to block defense deal
MOSCOW, March 12 Russian President Vladimir Putin said
Monday that Moscow would proceed with its controversial
arms sales to Iran but supplies would be solely to
ensure Tehran's defense needs. For economic reasons,
Russia is interested in (military) cooperation, Putin
told reporters after talks in the Kremlin with Iranian
President Mohammad Khatami. .....
The daily Nezavisimaya Gazeta quoted officials from
Russia's arms export agency as saying shipments could
include spare parts for BMP-1 and BTW-80 armored
vehicles and T-62 and T-72 tanks. It said parts could
also be supplied for Su-24, Su-25 and MiG-29 aircraft
and three types of helicopter.
The daily said in future Russia could sell Iran
unspecified armor, tactical missiles and diesel-powered
Putin also said Russia would proceed with work to
complete construction of a nuclear power station in the
Iranian Gulf port of Bushehr, a project denounced by
Washington on grounds that it could enable Iran to
produce nuclear weapons. ....
General Leonid Ivashov, who looks after foreign ties at
the Defense Ministry, said cooperation reflected common
interests in fighting terrorism, dealing with
Afghanistan's hard-line Taliban rulers and ensuring
stability in ex-Soviet Central Asia.
We have a mutual interest in training specialists and
restoring Russian equipment in Iran...," Ivashov told
RTR state television late on Sunday.
The Americans are present in the (Iranian) market.
U.S.-made aircraft are in the air, supplies are
available through third parties and third countries
while Russian planes stand idle because we impeccably
observed the accords." ...
Putin and Khatami have emphasized boosting relations to
offset U.S. global dominance. Russian companies hope the
visit will lead to orders for oil rigs needed to explore
Iran's oil and natural gas resources.
From Reuters' Ron Popeski:
"Russia and Iran had made clear in advance that they
intended to pursue military cooperation. Both are
interested in diversifying alliances to offset U.S.
influence in the region."
3/18/2001 The Seattle Times Company
Editorials & Opinion : Wednesday, March 14, 2001
Bush should tone down national missile defense
By Peter H. Rose
Special to The Times
3/18/2001 At PioneerPlanet
Published: Thursday, March 15, 2001
China seeks dialogue over missile defense
In his first remarks to reporters since the Bush
administration took office two months ago pledging to
pursue plans for a national missile defense system,
China's top arms control negotiator refrained Wednesday
from making threats and instead said he hopes to resolve
the contentious issue through dialogue. ``China does not
want to see a confrontation between China and the U.S.
over the NMD issue nor an arms race between the two
countries,'' said Sha Zukang, director general of the
Foreign Ministry's department of arms control and
disarmament. ``We hope the U.S. will give up the idea,
just as they've done with . . . Star Wars,'' he said.
3/18/2001 Evansville Courier & Press Thursday, March 15, 2001
China makes it very clear: Don't build missile shield
Los Angeles Times
In advance of its first direct contact with
President Bush, the Chinese government Wednesday
reiterated in sharp language its warning to the United
States not to pursue plans for a national missile
Sha Zukang, China's top arms-control negotiator, said
such plans would touch off an arms race and upset the
delicate global strategic balance that took years to
"The development of NMD is tantamount to drinking poison
to quench thirst," Sha told reporters, referring to the
proposed defense system by its initials. "It will
undercut the very foundation of the international
nonproliferation regime and even stimulate further
proliferation of missiles."
China's growing concerns over how the missile shield
will affect East Asia's security picture were mirrored
Wednesday by North Korea, which stepped up its own
rhetoric, arguing that the U.S. cannot justify building
the system "under the absurd pretext of a threat from
Russia Repeats Call To Ban Space Weapons
By Reuters News Agency
posted: 03:24 pm ET
22 March 2001
GENEVA (Reuters) - Russia reiterated on Thursday an
appeal for a global ban on weapons in outer space and
called for dialogue on the issue next month. Western
diplomats said Russian ambassador Vasily Sidorov's
remarks to Thursday's United Nations Conference on
Disarmament were clearly directed at U.S. plans to
develop a National Missile Defense (NMD), but were sober
and moderate in tone. Sidorov told the 66-member-state
Arms Control Forum that top officials from more than 40
countries and international organizations were expected
at the International Conference on the Prevention of the
Militarization of Outer Space in Moscow from April
Diplomats say that the United States is the only member
of the U.N. arms control forum to oppose launching
global negotiations to prevent an arms race in outer
space -- a key demand of countries including Russia,
China and Pakistan.
3/23/2001 International Herald Tribune
U.S. and Russia Escalate War of Words Over Arming
Patrick E. Tyler New York Times Service Wednesday,
March 21, 2001
....."The interview marked the second time in recent
weeks that Mr. Rumsfeld had openly criticized Russia's
proliferation record. It comes as the administration of
President George W. Bush is said to be reviewing whether
to continue a policy of high-level engagement and
cooperation with Russia or to significantly downgrade
the relationship to both reflect Russia's diminished
status as a great power and show Washington's
disapproval of its opposition to American policy
initiatives in missile defense and nonproliferation.
"Russia is an active proliferator," Mr. Rumsfeld said in
remarks to Winston S. Churchill, grandson of the late
British prime minister, who conducted the tape-recorded
interview at the Pentagon. "It has been providing
countries with assistance in these areas in ways that
complicate the problem for the United States and Western
Europe" and "we all have to live with the results of
that proliferation." .....
For the first time publicly, Mr. Rumsfeld indicated that
the Pentagon was now considering a much broader missile
defense system that could attack "rogue" missiles
shortly after they were launched, in midflight and as
they re-entered the atmosphere.
The defense secretary told Mr. Churchill that Pentagon
planners were studying these missile defense schemes
"unconstrained" by the 1972 treaty that bans them.
"Eventually one would anticipate that you would have
something that would not be a single system but a
layered system with flexibility and some redundancy,"
Mr. Rumsfeld said.
3/24/2001 Weekly Defense Monitor
Center for Defense Information
Redefining Terms -- Taking the "N" Out of Missile Defense
Colonel Daniel Smith, USA (Ret.), Chief of Research,
"...To overcome the opposition, especially in those
countries in which the U.S. hopes to build or upgrade
existing radars (Greenland, Britain, South Korea), the
Bush Administration decided to modify the terminology
from "national" to "allied" missile defense. When that
failed to have the desired effect, the Administration
went a step further and abolished the modifier
altogether. Henceforth, all references to the program
will be simply "missile defense." ...
"...Whether any allies change position, the minimalist
rhetoric now in vogue may be tested soon if the
uniformed services sense the new terminology will affect
their theater programs and the money that goes with
them. Right now, theater missile defense programs garner
larger budgets overall than NMD, which is under
centralized DoD control. If Mr. Rumsfeld isn't averse to
dumping rhetorical distinctions, might he also not be
adverse to dumping programmatic distinctions and
separate bureaucracies under the guise of saving money
and harmonizing development efforts?
Of course, collapsing all missile defense programs under
centralized management would meet with some powerful
congressional opposition, particularly if it means a
loss of jobs and contracts. The Administration may be
able to take the "N" out of missile defense, but it will
have trouble taking the "P" out of pork. "
U.S. Continues to Dominate World Military Expenditures
Christopher Hellman, Senior Analyst, firstname.lastname@example.org
"...As the world's lone super power, it is not
surprising that the United States spends more on its
military than any other nation. What is surprising is
just how large the U.S. share of world military spending
actually is, and the fact that while defense budgets are
shrinking worldwide, U.S. military spending continues to
Consider the following. Russia, which has the second
largest military budget in the world, will spend roughly
one-sixth what the United States will, assuming its
economy can afford it. China, which has the third
largest military budget, recently announced that it
would increase its military spending by almost eighteen
percent. Yet the United States spends seven times what
China spends. ...
Some facts about U.S. military spending:
World military spending, which was $1.2 trillion in
1985, stood at $809 billion in 1999. During that
period, the U.S. share of global military spending
continued to increase, going from 30% in 1985 to 36%
The U.S. military budget is more than twenty-two times
as large as the combined spending of the seven
countries traditionally identified by the Pentagon as
our most likely adversaries - Cuba, Iran, Iraq,
Libya, North Korea, Sudan and Syria - which together
spend just over $14 billion annually.
The United States and its close allies - the NATO
nations, South Korea, and Japan - spend more than the
rest of the world combined. Together they spend
thirty-seven times more than the seven rogue states.
The seven rogue nations, along with Russia and China,
together spend $116 billion, less than one-half the
U.S. military budget.
The United States alone spends more than the combined
spending of next twelve nations.
3/24/2001 From iwon..news
S.Korea Says U.S. Asked for Support on Missile Shield
March 23, 2001 7:38 am EST
SEOUL (Reuters) - The United States asked for South
Korea's support for its controversial missile shield but
Seoul said it was maintaining a neutral position on the
issue, Foreign Minister Lee Joung-binn said on Friday.
"During the consultations to prepare for the Korea-U.S.
summit, the United States asked us to agree to their
plan to promote the National Missile Defense System
(NMD)," Lee told a policy forum hosted by the Korea
"We disagreed, however, and the White House later
announced it had not made any request or that South
Korea had expressed it support," Lee was quoted as
saying by the Korea Herald in its early Saturday
The South Korean foreign minister visited Washington
last month to prepare for President Kim Dae-jung's talks
with U.S. President George W. Bush on March 8. That is
when the request for support was apparently made. ...
Seoul appeared to side with Russia in opposing the
shield when the two countries issued a joint declaration
during a February visit by Russian President Vladimir
Putin, which said the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty
was "a cornerstone of strategic stability." ...
The foreign ministry later clarified that its support
for the ABM treaty did not translate into opposition to
The deputy spokesman for the foreign press at the
foreign ministry, Kim Euy-taek, said the foreign
minister did not intend to convey any opposition to the
missile shield plan.
"Our position is that it's inappropriate to discuss it
at this time," he told Reuters.
3/25/2001 South Korea, from AP:
The United States asked for South Korea's support for
its controversial missile shield but Seoul said it was
maintaining a neutral position on the issue, Foreign
Minister Lee Joung-binn said on Friday.
3/25/2001 From article at The New York Times:
March 24, 2001
"News Analysis: U.S. Policy on Russia" A Tougher Stance
By JANE PERLEZ
WASHINGTON, March 23 The Bush administration has not
articulated a broad policy toward Russia, but in
thoughts and deeds it has taken a sharp departure from
the engagement policies of its predecessor, moving
toward isolating Russia and its president, Vladimir V.
In its first two months, despite a lack of crises before
this week's tit- for-tat spy expulsions, the
administration has shown apparent disdain for Russia by
insisting that it will move ahead on missile defense
regardless of Moscow's objections, by rebuffing the
suggestion of a summit meeting and showing an
inclination to downgrade the status of Russia as a world
Gone are the Clinton administration's attempts to
transform Russia into a modern state and its "win- win"
view of the Washington-Moscow relationship.
Instead, as relations appear to reach their lowest ebb
since the end of the cold war, the Bush foreign policy
team has designated Russia as a damaging proliferator of
weapons, accusing it of selling arms for profit to
countries like Iran while squandering billions of
dollars of Western aid. ......"
3/25/2001 The Salt Lake Tribune
Bush's Policy: No Cold War Yet, But Quite Nippy
Friday, March 23, 2001
BY ROBERT BURNS
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
"... "This administration came in with an extremely
different view of the world" than the Clinton
administration's national security team, said Daniel
Goure, who was an adviser to the Bush campaign on
defense and foreign policy issues. "They do not see
America's role as creating a like-minded community of
nations," and so are not following Clinton's approach of
closely engaging Moscow and Beijing. ...."
3/29/2001 Global Issues - Arms Control
3/29/2001 From AP at yahoo
Wednesday March 28 9:15 PM ET
U.S. Warned in Anti-Missile Defense
TOKYO (AP) - North Korea's state-run
media on Wednesday accused the United States and Japan
of boosting joint development of Washington's proposed
anti-missile defense system, saying that could push the
North to respond with force.
``If they continue to provoke military confrontation
with North Korea - following this path to war - we will
have no option but to respond with firm resolve,'' said
the commentary on the North's official Korean Central
News Agency. It was monitored in Tokyo by the Radiopress
The threat followed an accusation on Tuesday that the
United States has been trying to derail rapprochement
between South and North Korea as a prelude to war
between the divided neighbors. ....
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