US v. Somalia and Sudan
From AFP at SpaceWar: Dec 02, 2003
Sudanese air raids kill 47 civilians in western Sudan: rebels
CAIRO (AFP) Sudanese government warplanes killed 47 civilians and wounded 37 others during bombing raids on villages in western Sudan's Darfur region, a rebel leader, Abdel Wahed Mohammed Ahmed al-Nur, said Tuesday. ...
From AFP at SpaceWar: Dec 02, 2003
UN Security Council to take up arms embargo on Somalia
UNITED NATIONS (AFP) The UN Security Council on Wednesday will take up enforcement of the embargo on weapons bound for Somalia, Bulgarian Ambassador Stefan Tafrov said Tuesday. ...
From Middle East Newsline: 01/07/2004 14:25:04
PENTAGON PRESSES FOR U.S. OPERATION IN LEBANON
WASHINGTON [MENL] -- The U.S. Defense Department is said to be mulling a proposal to expand special operations forces and send them to destroy insurgency strongholds along the Lebanese-Syrian border. U.S. defense sources said the proposal is being examined by Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. They said the plan calls for a multi-pronged attack on insurgency strongholds in such countries as Lebanon and Somalia. "The global war on terror is continuing, and it will for the foreseeable future," Rumsfeld, who did not cite future U.S. counter-insurgency targets, said on Tuesday. "As we prosecute the war, we'll need to continue to strengthen, improve and transform our forces; modernize and restructure programs and commands." The London-based A-Sharq Al Awsat reported on Wednesday that the proposal submitted to Rumsfeld was the result of the secretary's decision to expand the U.S. war against Al Qaida and its allies. The Saudi-owned newspaper quoted U.S. sources as saying the first step being mulled by Rumsfeld is for a U.S. military attack on Al Qaida strongholds in Somalia as early as this month. ...
From Reuters: 07 Jan 2004 16:05:51 GMT
CHRONOLOGY-Key events during Sudan's conflict
LONDON, Jan 7 (Reuters) - Sudan's government and its rebel foes signed an accord on Wednesday on how to share the oil-exporting country's wealth when Africa's longest-running conflict comes to an end. ...
From Reuters: 09 Jan 2004 17:42:18 GMT
Museveni scolds Somalis over "slow genocide" By David Mageria
NAIROBI, Jan 9 (Reuters) - Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, injecting momentum into flagging Somali peace talks, won a pledge on Friday from a key faction leader to try to end a boycott of the negotiations by several powerful warlords. ... War and famine have killed hundreds of thousands of people in the past decade in the country of more than seven million, which has been torn apart by rival clan militias since the overthrow of former dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in 1992. ...
From ABC (Australia): Saturday, March 20, 2004. 12:48pm (AEDT)
Sudan humanitarian crisis a 'catastrophe': UN By Sally Sara
A senior United Nations official says the conflict in western Sudan has become the world's worst humanitarian situation. ...
From the NYT: April 8, 2004
Brutal Conflict in Sudan Brings Warnings by Bush and Annan By Somini Sengupta
A conflict raging in Sudan came under heightened international scrutiny yesterday as President Bush called on the government there to rein in militias and the United Nations secretary general, Kofi Annan, raised the alarm about reported atrocities. ...
At The Independent: 23 April 2004
Rape, torture, and one million forced to flee as Sudan's crisis unfolds.
Will we move to stop it? By Declan Walsh
At The BBC: Friday, 23 April, 2004, 17:58 GMT 18:58 UK
'Mass execution' in western Sudan
From Reuters: Mon May 3, 2004 09:32 PM ET
Sudan Assured Seat on U.N. Rights Commission By Evelyn Leopold
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - African nations have ensured that Sudan gets a seat on the chief U.N. human rights watchdog and angered rights groups who want more liberal democracies to win a place. ...
From The BBC: Saturday, 8 May, 2004, 00:26 GMT 01:26 UK
Big powers wary over Sudan crisis
The UN will take no immediate action in the troubled Darfur region of western Sudan, Security Council members say. They said they were monitoring the humanitarian crisis, after being warned by a UN team that atrocities had been committed in the area. ... A report presented to the Security Council on Friday said a there was a "reign of terror" in the region. ... After briefing the council, UN Commissioner for Human Rights Bertrand Ramcharan spoke of a "scorched earth policy" and "repeated crimes against humanity". He described aerial bombardments as well as systematic attacks on villages by Sudanese government forces and militiamen who killed, raped, and looted. ... Another report released on Friday by the New York-based Human Rights Watch has accused the Sudanese government of ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity in Darfur.
From AFP at Yahoo: Mon May 24, 9:23 AM ET
Sudan's Darfur crisis prompts calls for world to act
NAIROBI (AFP) - More than a year after the seeds of its current humanitarian catastrophe were sown, calls for robust international action in the war-ravaged Sudanese region of Darfur and pressure on Khartoum are finally mounting. The last week has brought warnings of mass starvation, reminders of widespread human rights atrocities, accusations of ceasefire violations, veiled threats of United Nations sanctions, and a call for international military action. ...
From The Guardian: Wednesday May 26, 2004
Peace in sight for Sudan's south after 21 years By Rory Carroll
Deal muffles criticism of atrocities and crisis in Darfur
The Sudanese government and rebels in the south have resolved obstacles in their peace talks and are expected to sign an accord today paving the way for an end to 21 years of civil war which has claimed 2 million lives. Negotiators for the government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) will sign protocols at a ceremony which should settle the dispute, mediators said yesterday. ... In response the Arab League pledged $2bn (£1.1bn) to rebuild southern Sudan. But the accord does not cover a separate conflict in Sudan's western Darfur region where hundreds of thousands have been displaced in what some aid agencies call the world's worst humanitarian crisis. Nor does it guarantee an end to fighting between the government-held north and SPLA-held south. ... The war, which flared up in 1983, pitting the mainly Muslim and Arab north against the mainly Christian and animist south, was waged across deserts and scrub and killed an estimated 2 million people, mostly civilians who succumbed to hunger and disease. The stakes rose in the 1990s with the tapping of oil which now yields $2bn in revenue per year, but pressure from the United States and other outsiders prodded the combatants into talks in 2002. ...
From Reuters: 25 May 2004 17:06:09 GMT
African Union sets July deadline for Somali peace
ADDIS ABABA, May 25 (Reuters) - The African Union's (AU) new U.N.-style security body said on Tuesday it wanted peace talks on Somalia to be concluded by the end of July and warned of sanctions against militia leaders who derail the process. Washington closely follows events in Somalia, regarding it as a potential safe haven for Islamic militants. It has lacked an effective central government since warlords ousted military ruler Mohammed Siad Barre in 1991. ... The AU said it would deploy an observer mission in Somalia once a peace and reconciliation deal was signed. The council said it would soon send an AU observer mission composed of 60 military officials and about 30 civilians to five flashpoints in Sudan's troubled Darfur region to monitor any ceasefire violations. ...
From The Scotsman: Fri 4 Jun 2004
300,000 Sudanese could be doomed to die By Richard Waddington
GENEVA - AS MANY as 300,000 people might die in Sudan’s Darfur region, even if aid starts flowing to the region, a leading world charity warned yesterday. ...
From CNN: Thursday, June 10, 2004 Posted: 2349 GMT (0749 HKT)
U.N. 'to endorse Sudan peace plan' By Jonathan Wald
UNITED NATIONS (CNN) -- The U.N. Security Council will unanimously endorse a resolution on Friday approving a peace agreement in Sudan that ends Africa's longest-running civil war, a senior Security Council diplomat says. ...
From afrol News, 14 June:
UN: Sudan govt troops slaughtered civilians
According to a report by a UN human rights Rapporteur, both militia forces and regular troops of Sudan's government are responsible for the grave atrocities committed in Darfur. Government troops had assisted in the mass executions of civilians in a campaign that has been described as ethnic cleansing. ...
From afrol News, 16 June:
US threatens Sudan with "consequences" over Darfur
The US government does "not intend to stand by while violence and atrocities continue in Darfur," a US State Department official said, warning the Sudanese government it had to cooperate putting an end to humanitarian crisis in Darfur. "Do not doubt our determination," he told the Khartoum government. A military intervention is being considered. Charles Snyder, head of the Bureau for African Affairs at the US State Department, made these clear statements at a Sudan hearing in the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. He told the US Senate that his Department was "exerting strong leadership" in matters regarding Sudan; both the north-south peace deal and the crisis in Darfur. Mr Snyder also sent a clear message to the government of Sudan, threatening to take action against the country if Khartoum did not take action on Darfur. "Our message to the government of Sudan is clear: do what is necessary now, and we will work with you. If you do not, there will be consequences," he said, adding there was no time to lose. ...
From Reuters: 23 Jun 2004 14:18:00 GMT
Sudan and Chad agree to disarm militias
From Reuters at The Washington Post: Tuesday, June 29, 2004; 3:33 PM
Powell Visits Sudan, Demands Action on Darfur By Saul Hudson
KHARTOUM, Sudan - Secretary of State Colin Powell arrived in Sudan Tuesday demanding the government crack down on Arab militias whose actions he said approached genocide against African villagers in western Darfur. ... A senior U.S. official said earlier Tuesday that up to one million displaced Sudanese could die this year in Darfur region because of a humanitarian crisis blamed on Khartoum. ...
From The NYT: July 8, 2004
U.S. Warns Sudan to Halt Attacks on Refugees By WARREN HOGE
UNITED NATIONS, July 7 - The United States issued a tough-worded challenge to Sudan on Wednesday, saying it must immediately end attacks on refugee camps in the Darfur region and give relief organizations access to its starving inhabitants or face United Nations action. "We're talking about days, we're talking about this week," said John C. Danforth, the new United States ambassador, on his first day in the Security Council. ...
From Reuters: Sat Jul 17, 2004 07:51 AM ET
Darfur Rebels Say Quitting AU Peace Efforts By Tsegaye Tadesse
ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) - Rebels from Sudan's Darfur region said on Saturday they were quitting African Union (AU)-mediated peace efforts and would return only when the Sudanese government had met their six conditions for talks. ... Disarmanent of the Janjaweed Arab militia is one of six conditions the JEM and SLA have set for participation in AU-mediated peace talks aimed at ending the bloodshed. ... Sudan's government, facing worldwide protests over Arab militia attacks on African civilians in Darfur, says it is prepared to discuss the demands as part of peace talks but not as a prerequisite for those talks. ... The rebels accuse the government of arming Janjaweed Arab militias to loot and burn African villages in a campaign of ethnic cleansing. ...
From Reuters: Thu Jul 22, 2004 12:57 PM ET
Sudan Warns UK, U.S. Not to Interfere in Darfur By Paul Carrel
PARIS (Reuters) - Sudan warned Britain and the United States not to interfere in its internal affairs Thursday after British Prime Minister Tony Blair said he had not ruled out military aid to help combat the crisis in the Darfur region. "I don't understand why Britain and the United States are systematically increasing pressure against us and not operating through the United Nations," Sudanese Foreign Minister Mustafa Osman Ismail said on a visit to Paris. "(This) pressure closely resembles the increased pressure that was put on Iraq (before the war)," he said. Washington accuses Khartoum of backing Janjaweed Arab militia in a campaign some U.S. officials have described as ethnic cleansing against black African villagers in Darfur. ...
From Reuters UK: Thu 22 July, 2004 20:12
US threatens sanctions against Sudan By Evelyn Leopold
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - The United States has circulated a U.N. resolution threatening sanctions against the Sudan government if Khartoum does not prosecute Arab militia leaders in the western Darfur region. In the measure, which does not define the sanctions, the Bush administration also advocated an immediate embargo on weapons given to Arab militias, called Janjaweed, as well as any other armed group terrorising Darfur civilians. The revised draft Security Council resolution was submitted on Thursday, the day U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell planned a visit to New York to work on a joint strategy on Darfur with Secretary-General Kofi Annan. Each visited Sudan and Darfur this month. ... The new resolution tightens language on a weapons ban and on what Khartoum must do to avoid sanctions, such as "bring to justice Janjaweed leaders and their associates" within 30 days. ...
From The Associated Press at Newsday: July 23, 2004, 11:09 AM EDT
Congress says Sudan atrocities are ’genocide’
WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Congress late Thursday night passed resolutions declaring that atrocities that have been unfolding in western Sudan are genocide and urged the Bush administration to do the same. ... Passed unanimously in the House and Senate, the measures urge President Bush to call the situation in Sudan "by its rightful name" and urge his administration work with the international community to stop it. ...
From Reuters: Sun Jul 25, 2004 08:12 PM ET
U.S., Europe Step Up Sanctions Warnings to Sudan By Nima Elbagir
KHARTOUM (Reuters) - The United States and Europe on Sunday stepped up warnings of sanctions unless Sudan halts a conflict in its Darfur region, and Australia said it was likely to contribute troops to any U.N. peacekeeping mission. ...
From The Washington Post: Saturday, July 31, 2004; Page A15
U.N. Adopts Resolution on Sudan By Colum Lynch and Christopher Lee
Nation May Face Sanctions If Atrocities Persist in Darfur
UNITED NATIONS, July 30 -- The U.N. Security Council on Friday adopted a resolution threatening to consider sanctions against Sudan if it fails within 30 days to apprehend and prosecute Arab militias accused of killing tens of thousands of black Africans in Darfur, Sudan. ... For now, the Bush administration has ruled out U.S. military intervention in Sudan to stop the violence. ... The resolution adopted Friday imposes an arms embargo on Darfur and "demands" that the Sudanese government "disarm the Janjaweed militias and apprehend and bring to justice Janjaweed leaders and their associates." The council also "expresses its intention to consider further actions" -- including economic and diplomatic sanctions -- if Sudan fails to clamp down on the armed militias and improve aid workers' access to Darfur. ...
From News24: 02/08/2004 10:01 - (SA)
Sudan prepares for war
Khartoum - Sudan's army has called the United Nations resolution giving it 30 days to resolve its Darfur crisis "a declaration of war" and warned it will fight any foreign troops sent into the western region, a report said on Monday. ...
From AFP at Yahoo: Mon Aug 2,11:14 AM ET
Sudan army calls UN resolution 'declaration of war'
KHARTOUM (AFP) - Sudan's army has vowed to fight any foreign military intervention in Darfur, even after the government reluctantly accepted a UN demand to end the killing and atrocities in the troubled region within 30 days. ...
Commentary at The Guardian: Monday August 2, 2004
The mask of altruism disguising a colonial war By John Laughland
Oil will be the driving factor for military intervention in Sudan
From The Scotsman: Thu 5 Aug 2004
Sudan warns the West of 'another Iraq'
MORE than 100,000 Sudanese marched on the United Nations headquarters in the capital Khartoum yesterday in a state-organised protest against Western intervention to end the crisis in Darfur. Demonstrators warned that Sudan could become a battlefield comparable to Afghanistan or Iraq if foreign military forces entered the African country to try to end the 17-month Darfur conflict. "Targeting Sudan means you will fall into a third swamp, after Afghanistan and Iraq," said Mohammed Ali Abdullah, a senior member of the ruling party. "There are lions here in Sudan who would like to confront the Americans." ...
From Reuters: Thu 12 August, 2004 20:00
Sudan says West wants its oil and gold By Nima Elbagir
KHARTOUM (Reuters) - Sudan's president has accused the West of exploiting the Darfur conflict in the hope of seizing the country's gold and oil, but Washington has replied that its only aim is to halt mass murder and starvation. ...
From Reuters UK: Mon 30 August, 2004 22:59
UN deadline on Darfur runs out By Nima Elbagir
KHARTOUM (Reuters) - A U.N.-imposed deadline for Sudan to prove it can protect the people of strifetorn Darfur has run out, but international officials say the violence was far from over. Nigerian President and African Union (AU) chairman Olusegun Obasanjo said on Monday that AU monitors had confirmed allegations by Darfur rebels that the Sudan government launched fresh attacks on civilians last week. ...
From Reuters: Thu Sep 9, 2004 08:07 PM ET
Bush Declares Genocide in Sudan's Darfur By Arshad Mohammed and Saul Hudson
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States declared on Thursday that violence in Sudan's Darfur region that has driven more than 1 million people from their homes amounted to genocide and placed the blame on the Khartoum government and Arab militias. "It is clear that only outside action can stop the killing," President Bush said in a statement demanding that all sides to the conflict lay down their arms. "We have concluded that genocide has taken place in Darfur. We urge the international community to work with us to prevent and suppress acts of genocide," Bush said. His statement, issued after Secretary of State Colin Powell made similar remarks to the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, noted that Washington was seeking a U.N. Security Council resolution to authorize an expanded African Union peacekeeping operation in Sudan. "We will also seek to ban flights by Sudanese military aircraft in Darfur," Bush said. "The world cannot ignore the suffering of more than 1 million people." While the genocide finding has little legal import, analysts said it may influence Security Council debate on the U.S. draft resolution. The resolution threatens sanctions on Sudan's oil sector, which pumps about 320,000 barrels of oil per day. ...
From AFP at SpaceWar: Sep 14, 2004
Syria tested chemical arms on civilians in Darfur region: press
BERLIN (AFP) - Syria tested chemical weapons on civilians in Sudan's troubled western Darfur region in June and killed dozens of people, the German daily Die Welt claimed in an advance release of its Wednesday edition. ... Die Welt said the sources had indicated that the weapons tests were undertaken following a military exercise between Syria and Sudan. ... According to Die Welt, the Syrians had suggested close cooperation on developing chemical weapons, and it was proposed that the arms be tested on the rebel SPLA, the Sudan People's Liberation Army, in the south. But given that the rebels were involved in peace talks, the newspaper continued, the Sudanese government proposed testing the arms on people in Darfur. ...
From AFP at Sudan.net: September 15, 2004 at 23:50:04: EST (-5 GMT)
US doubts report on Syrian chemical weapons testing in Darfur
WASHINGTON, Sep 15 (AFP) -The United States expressed scepticism Wednesday over a report that Syria tested chemical weapons on civilians in Sudan's troubled western Darfur region, killing dozens of people. "I think if that was true, we probably would have seen it," US State Department spokesman Richard Boucher told reporters. "Something like transfer and use of chemical weapons would have set off alarm bells if we'd known about it," he said. ...
From the UN at Sudan.net: September 19, 2004 at 01:32:40: EST (-5 GMT)
Text of U.N. Security Council resolution on Sudan
From AFP at SpaceWar: Oct 23, 2004
Somalia to ask African Union for peacekeepers
ADDIS ABABA (AFP) - Somali President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed will on Monday request the African Union (AU) to deploy around 20,000 peacekeepers to the Horn of Africa country to help disarm militias and restore stability, an AU spokesman said. ...
From Reuters: Sat Oct 23, 2004 11:29 AM ET
U.S. Planes Land in Rwanda to Help Darfur Mission
KIGALI (Reuters) - Three U.S. Air Force cargo planes and 120 U.S. troops landed in Rwanda on Saturday to transport Rwandan soldiers and equipment to Darfur as part of an expanded African Union peacekeeping mission in the violent region. Several dozen soldiers unloaded boxes full of rifles and hand guns on the tarmac of Kigali airport on the outskirts of the capital. They then loaded them with rounds of ammunition.
In the first U.S. military deployment in the Darfur conflict, the three C-130 planes from the Air Force's 86th Airlift Wing left Germany on Friday. They are expected to fly a battalion of Rwandan troops to Darfur over the next two weeks. "The 120 U.S. troops are operational people providing security, airfield management and other requirements for the mission," U.S. army spokeswoman Capt. Heather Healy told Reuters. Two of the planes will be used in rotation to ferry Rwandan forces to Darfur, where up to 70,000 people have died through malnutrition and disease, and more than 1.5 million have become refugees. The third plane will carry additional supplies. The deployment of U.S. aircraft is a small part of the roughly $300 million in humanitarian aid Washington has offered. ...
From NDTV (India): Thursday, November 4, 2004
Large scale war crimes in Darfur: Annan
(United Nations) There are strong indications that war crimes have been committed "on a large and systematic scale" in Sudan's Darfur region, said UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. ...
From The Washington Post: Thursday, November 4, 2004; Page A03
Sudanese Troops Attack and Destroy Camp in Darfur By Emily Wax
Refugees Fear Relocation Campaign
From Reuters: Tue Nov 9, 2004 01:26 PM ET
Sudan Signs Landmark Darfur Deals with Rebels By Dino Mahtani
ABUJA (Reuters) - Sudan bowed to international pressure on Tuesday for a ban on military flights over the Darfur region, where 1.5 million have been forced from their homes, and signed two landmark peace deals with rebels. ...
From VOA News: 19 November 2004
Sudan Government, Rebels Sign Peace Agreement
Washington - Sudan's government and southern rebels have signed an agreement promising to end the nation's 21-year civil war by the end of the year. A Sudanese government official and a negotiator from the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement put the December 31 deadline in writing Friday, at a rare meeting of the United Nations Security Council in Nairobi, Kenya. Council members passed a resolution Friday urging Sudan's government and southern rebels to make peace and linking future development aid to a comprehensive accord. ...
From AFP at SpaceWar: Nov 21, 2004
UN to deploy thousands of troops in south Sudan after peace deal
KHARTOUM (AFP) - The United Nations will deploy thousands of troops in southern Sudan after an expected signing of a final peace accord by the Khartoum government and the southern rebel movement, a UN official said Sunday. ...
From Reuters: Sat Nov 27, 2004 01:39 PM ET
Sudan Lifts State of Emergency in North Darfur By Opheera McDoom
EL FASHER, Sudan (Reuters) - Sudan said it had lifted all restrictions on aid workers and revoked a state of emergency in the troubled North Darfur state on Saturday, after rebels pulled out from a town they occupied last week. The United Nations condemned the attacks on Tawilla town last week, where rebels took control and killed dozens of policemen, in a move the international community said violated security protocols signed earlier this month between the warring parties in the Nigerian capital Abuja. ...
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